WICHITA, a city and the county-seat of Sedgwick county, Kansas, U.S.A., on the Arkansas river, at the mouth of the Little Arkansas, 208 m.
Wichita is served by the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe, the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific, the Missouri Pacific, the St Louis & San Francisco, and the Kansas City, Mexico && Orient railways.
In Wichita are Fairmount College (Congregational; co-educational; organized as a preparatory school in 1892 and as a college in 1895); Friends' University (Society of Friends; co-educational; 1898); and Mount Carmel Academy and the Pro-Cathedral School (both Roman Catholic).
Wichita is a transportation centre for the rich agricultural region surrounding it, and is an important market for broom-corn.
Wichita, named from an Indian tribe, was settled in 1870, and was chartered as a city in 1871.
Rise the subdued forms of the Wichita MountaiIis in Oklahoma, the westernmost member of the Ouachita system.
Per mile between Canyon City and Wichita, Kansas (543 m.), about I 5 ft.
Between Wichita and Little Rock (659 m.), and o 65 of a foot from Little Rock to the mouth (1 73 m.).
Kansas City, Topeka, Wichita, Leavenworth and Atchison were the only cities which had manufactures whose gross product was valued in 1905 at more than $3,000,000 each; their joint product was valued at $126,515,804, and that of Kansas City alone was $9 6, 473, 0 5 0, almost half the output of the state.
Nine cities numbered more than 10,000 inhabitants: Kansas City (51,418), Topeka - the state capital (33,608), Wichita (24,671), Leavenworth (20,735), Atchison (15,722), Lawrence - the seat of the state university (10,862), Fort Scott (10,322), Galena (10,155) and Pittsburg (10,112).
A total population of 1,544,968; nearly 28% lived in cities of 2500 or more inhabitants; 13 cities had more than 10,000 inhabitants: Kansas City (67,614), Topeka (37,641), Wichita (31,110), Leavenworth (20,934), Atchison (18,159), Pittsburg (15,012), Coffeyville (13,196), Fort Scott (12,248), Parsons (11,720), Lawrence (11,708), Hutchinson (11,215), Independence (11,206), and Iola (10,287).
Of this plateau lie the Wichita Mountains, a straggling range of rugged peaks rising abruptly from a level plain.
In1906-1907a fresh crusade to enforce the law was begun by the attorney-general, who brought ouster suits against the mayors of Wichita, Junction City, Pittsburg and Leavenworth for not enforcing the law and for replacing it with the " fine " system, which was merely an irregular licence.
Among the many smaller colleges are Washburn College (Congregational, 1869) at Topeka, the Southwest Kansas College (Methodist Episcopal, opened 1886) at Winfield, the College of Emporia (Presbyterian, 1883) at Emporia, Bethany College (Lutheran, 1881) at Lindsborg, Fairmount College (non-sectarian, 1895) at Wichita, St Mary's College (Roman Catholic,1869)at St Mary's, and Ottawa University (Baptist, 1865) at Ottawa.