To the original members were afterwards added several remarkable persons, amongst whom were Josiah Wedgwood, Bennet Langton (Dr Johnson's friend), and, later, Zachary Macaulay, Henry Brougham and James Stephen.
In 1797 his wife died, and next year he married Catherine Allen, sister-in-law of Josiah and John Wedgwood, through whom he introduced Coleridge to the Morning Post.
Here Josiah Wedgwood was born in 1730, his family having practised the manufacture in this locality for several generations, while he himself began work independently at the Ivy House pottery in 1759.
He is commemorated by the Wedgwood Institute, founded in 1863.
A statue commemorates Josiah Wedgwood, born at Burslem in 1730; but other famous names in the pottery trade are more intimately connected with Stoke.
Southey (1820), Moore (1824),Walton (1832), Overton (1891),Wedgwood (1870), L.
JOSIAH WEDGWOOD (1730-1795), the most distinguished of English manufacturers of pottery, came of a family many members of which had been established as potters in Stafford - shire throughout the 17th century and had played a notable part in the development of the infant industry.
Dr Thomas Wedgwood of Burslem was one of the best of the early salt - glaze potters.
Josiah, born in 1730, was the youngest child of another Thomas Wedgwood, who owned a small but thriving pottery in Burslem.
Many of Whieldon's apprentices afterwards became noted potters, and there can be little doubt that Wedgwood gained greatly at this period of his life by his association with Whieldon.
The fine white English earthenware was just reaching perfection, and Wedgwood was soon one of its best-known makers.
The new ware was greatly appreciated, and Wedgwood was appointed potter to the queen and afterwards to the king.
He gave the name of Queen's Ware to his productions of this class, and this judicious royal patronage awarded to a most deserving manufacturer un - doubtedly helped Wedgwood greatly.
And other parts of Italy - being at its height it was natural that Wedgwood should turn to such a source of inspiration..
Although every European country was affected by this neo-classical revival it may be claimed that England absorbed it more com - pletely than any other country, for the brothers Adam (the - architects) and Josiah Wedgwood brought it into absolute correspondence with modern tastes and ideas.
Wedgwood was particularly successful in this direction, for his " dry " bodies - some of which, like the black and cane bodies, had long been known in the district, others, such as the famous Jasper bodies,.
If our increased appreciation and knowledge of Greek and Roman art makes us at times impatient with the mechanical perfection of the works of Wedgwood and his contemporaries, the fault is even more the fault of a nation and a period than that of any individual, however com - manding.
He married his cousin, Sarah Wedgwood, in 1764, and they had a numerous family of sons and daughters.
Bentley died in 1780 and Wedgwood remained sole owner of the Etruria works until 1790, when he took some of his sons and a nephew, named Byerley, into partner - ship. He died on the 3rd of January 1795, rich in honours and in friends, for besides being a great potter he was a man of high moral worth, and was associated with many noted men of his time, amongst whom should be mentioned Sir Joseph Banks, Joseph Priestley and Erasmus Darwin.
His descendants have carried on the business at Etruria to this day, and have lately established at the works a Wedgwood museum of great interest.
On the completion of his arts course, he nominally studied divinity at Edinburgh until 1787; in1788-1789he spent rather more than a year as private tutor in a Virginian family, and from 1790 till the close of 1792 he held a similar appointment at Etruria in Staffordshire, with the family of Josiah Wedgwood, employing his spare time in experimental research and in preparing a translation of Buffon's Natural History of Birds, which was published in nine 8vo vols.
En 1767 Hargreaves produced the spinning-jenny; Arkwrights;pinning machine was exhibited in 1768; Cromptons mule was ~inished in 1779; Cartwright hit upon the idea of the power,oom in 1784, though it was not brought into profitable use till The Staffordshire potteries had been flourishing under Wedgwood SinCe 1763, and the improved steam-engine was brought into shape by Watt in 1768.
Hutton (1868), Ethel Wedgwood (1906), and (more literally) Sir F.
In 17 9 8 an annuity, granted him by the brothers Wedgwood, led Coleridge to abandon his reluctantly formed intention of becoming a Unitarian minister.
For detailed accounts of his life see Eliza Metyeard, Life of Wedgwood (1865-1866); Jewitt, Life of Wedgwood (1865); Rathbone, Old Wedgwood (1893); Church, Josiah Wedgwood: Master-Potter (1894; new ed., 1903); Burton, History and Description of English Earthenware and Stoneware (1904); J.
C. Wedgwood, A History of the Wedgwood Family (1909).