This stage is marked by obvious physical changes such as swelling of the vulva and a bloody discharge, but the bitch is not yet receptive to breeding.
Although swelling of the vulva can begin days or weeks before the onset of full heat, you should count the first day you detect blood discharge as day one of the cycle.
Episiotomy-An incision made in the perineum (the area between the vulva and the anus) during labor to assist in delivery and to avoid abnormal tearing of the perineum.
Females most commonly masturbate by stroking or rubbing the vulva, especially the clitoris, with hands and fingers until orgasm is reached.
Yes, sometimes the vulva remains slightly swollen throughout the pregnancy, and some male dogs misinterpret the scent as a season.
Females also may use running water to stimulate the vulva or insert fingers or a hard object into the vagina.
Her vulva never returned to normal after heat; it still protrudes, but it doesn't seem to bother her at all.
Intersex males may have testes and a female-like vulva, or a very small penis.
Lichen Sclerosis: This condition typically affects the vulva, penis or anus.
The vulva or pudendum comprises all the female external generative organs, and consists of the mons Veneris, labia majora and minora, clitoris, urethral orifice, hymen, bulbs of the vestibule, and glands of Bartholin.