On the 26th of October 1808, when Moore's troops had left Lisbon to join Baird, the French still held a defensive position behind the Ebro; Bessieres being in the basin of Vitoria, Marshal Ney north-west of Logrono, and Moncey covering Pampeluna, and near Sanguessa.
For a description of the decisive battle of Vitoria (June 21, 1813), see Vitoria.
In it Battle of King Joseph met with a crushing defeat, and, after Vitoria, it, the wreck of his army, cut off from the Vitoria- June 21, Bayonne road, escaped towards Pampeluna.
Suchet, after the battle of Vitoria, evacuated Tarragona (Aug.
BALDOMERO ESPARTERO (1792-1879), duke of Vitoria, duke of Morella, prince of Vergara, Count Luchana, knight of the Toison d'Or, &c. &c., Spanish soldier and statesman, was born at Granatulu, a town of the province of Ciudad Real, on the.
The capital is Vitoria (pop. 1900, 30,701), which is the only town with more than 3 500 inhabitants.
Landazuri y Romarate contain much material for a provincial history: - Historia ecclesiastics, &c. (Pamplona, 1797); Historia civil, &c. (Vitoria, 1798); Compendios historicos de la ciudad y villas de.
Alava, &c. (Pamplona, 1798); Suplemento a los cuatro libros de la historia de Alava (Vitoria, 1799); and Los varones illustres Alavenses (Vitoria, 1798).
Its capital, Vitoria, is said to have been founded by the Gothic king Leovigild (581).
The former of these, which was distinguished by the unusual largeness of its concessions, and by the careful minuteness of its details, rapidly extended to many places in the neighbourhood, while the latter charter was given also to Miranda by Alphonso VI., and was further extended in 1181 by Sancho el Sabio of Navarre to Vitoria, thus constituting one of the earliest written fora of the "Provincias Vascongadas."
In the following year \% ellingtons victory at Vitoria signalled the ruin of the French cause in Spain; while Prussia threw off the yoke of France, and Austria, realizing after cautious delay her chance of retrieving the humiliations of 1809, joined the alliance, and in concert with Russia and the other German powers overthrew Napoleon at Leipzig.