The Cebu dialect of the Visayan language is spoken.
The great bulk of the population, approximately 90%, is included in seven Christian tribes as follows: Visayan, 3,219,030; Tagalog, 1,460,695; Ilocano, 803,942; Bicol, 566,365; Pangasinan, 343,686; Pampangan, 280,984; and Cagayan, 159,648.
At the same time the Visayan Republic was organized, and it professed allegiance to Aguinaldo's government.
Neither Aguinaldo's government nor the Visayan government was able to maintain order, and the whole country was subject to the looting of robber bands.
Cebu-Visayan is the language.
The Panayano dialect of the Visayan language is spoken by most of the inhabitants.