A conspicuous veld plant is the orange and crimson leonotis, growing 6 ft.
The low veld east of the Drakensberg begins at about 3000 ft.
The low veld is everywhere covered with scrub, and water is scarce, the rivers being often dry in the winter season.
On the low veld cotton is grown.
It replaced (1904) the former capital of Bremersdorp situated in the middle veld 23 m.
The high veld is admirably adapted for the raising of stock, its grasses being of excellent quality and the climate good.
Three-fourths of the country lies north of these hills and is typical veld; the valley of the Caledon, sheltered eastward by the Maluti Mountains in Basutoland, is well watered and extremely fertile.
Over the greater part of the plains little now grows save veld, the coarse long grass of South Africa.
The climate of the high veld, is indeed one of the finest in the world.
The wild seringa (Burkea africana) is also characteristic of the low veld and, extends up the slopes of the plateau.
Among the high veld farmers the breeding of merino sheep is very popular.
The bare veld is dotted with these unsightly buildings for a distance of over fifty miles.
The low land between the high veld and the Waterberg and Zoutpansberg is traversed by the Olifants River, an east flowing tributary of the Limpopo.
The middle veld is marked by long low stony ridges, known as rands, and these rands and the kopjes are often covered with scrub, while mimosa trees are found in the river valleys.
The banken veld district is also generally healthy though hotter than the plateaus, and malarial fever prevails in the lower valleys.
The scrub which covers the low veld consists mainly of gnarled stunted thorns with flattened umbrella shaped crowns, most of the species belonging to the suborder mimoseae.
The meroola (sclerocarya caffra) a medium sized deciduous tree with a rounded spreading top is found in the low veld and up the slopes to a height of 4500 ft.
After July the tactics of the Boer executive were simply directed towards putting off a crisis till the beginning of October, when the grass would be growing on the veld, and meanwhile towards doing all they could in their despatches to put the blame on Great Britain.
On the 26th to 27th of August the combined forces engaged and defeated Botha in the action of Belfast or Bergendal, with the result that the enemy dispersed into the bush-veld north of the Middelburg railway.
On the 6th of September Buller, crossing the track of the main army at right angles, occupied Lydenburg in the bush-veld, and five days later the aged presi dent of the republic took refuge in Lourenco Marques.
Tsetse-flies are restricted to Africa, where they occur in suitable localities throughout the greater portion of the tropical region, although not found either in the Sahara or in the veld country of the extreme south.
Most of the water runs off the surface into the spruits and in a little while the veld is again dry.
Jagersfontein, which occupies a pleasant situation on the open veld about 4500 ft.
Escarpment of the high veld and the watershed between the Vaal and Limpopo.
Of ungulata, besides a few hundreds of rare varieties, there are the springbuck, of which great herds still wander on the open veld, the steinbok, a small and beautiful animal which is sometimes coursed like a hare, the klipspringer or " chamois of South Africa," common in the mountains, the wart-hog and the dassie or rock rabbit.
It is built on the open veld, at an elevation of 4194 ft., by the banks of the Upper Molopo, is 9 m.
The true high veld, extending east to west 120 m.
The banken veld, formed by the denudation of the plateau, is much broken up and is rich in romantic scenery.
West and north of the Drakensberg the general level of the low veld is not much below that of the lowest altitudes of the middle veld, though the climatic 1 By the Boers the western and less elevated part of the plateau is known as the middle veld.
Of these the Komati (q.v.) and its affluents, and the Pongola and its affluents rise in the high veld and flowing eastward to the Indian Ocean drain but a comparatively small area of the province, of which the Pongola forms for some distance the south-eastern frontier.
The Vaal (q.v.) rises in the high veld in the Ermelo district not far from the source of the Komati and that of the Usuto tributary of the Pongola.
Malarial fever is also prevalent throughout the low veld, but above 3000 ft.
Few of the low veld bushes are large or straight enough to furnish any useful wood, and timber trees are wholly absent from the level country.
Rose and other flowering shrubs and trees grow well on the banken veld and in the valleys.
A large yellow tulip (Homerica pallida) is one of the most abundant flowers on moist vlei lands on the high veld and is occasionally met with in the low veld; slangkop (Urginea Burkei) with red bulbs like a beetroot is a low bush plant apparently restricted to the Transvaal and adjacent Portuguese territory.
Six species of tick, including the blue tick common throughout South Africa, are found, especially in the low veld, where they are the means of the transmission of disease to cattle.
M., occupy the north and north-eastern parts of the country and include most of the low veld areas.
Even better pasture is found in the low veld, but there stock suffers in summer from many endemic diseases, and in the more northerly regions is subject to the attack of the tsetse fly.
The banken veld is also unsuited in summer for horses and sheep, though cattle thrive.
Moreover while large areas on the high veld are suitable for the raising of crops of a very varied character, in other districts, including a great part of the low veld, arable farming is impossible or unprofitable.
No natural boundary marks the western frontier, a line across the veld (separating it from the Griqualand West district of the Cape) from the Orange to the Vaal rivers.
Among veld plants the elandsboontje provides tanning material equal to oak bark.
Deep. The " sweet veld " is specially suitable to cattle, and the finer shorter grass which succeeds it affords pasturage for sheep.
It is prettily situated on the high veld, 5090 ft.
M.) with a mean elevation of 4000 ft., the highest part of the plateau - the High Veld of the Transvaal - being fully 6000 ft.
Most of the veld is divided into huge farms devoted to the rearing of cattle, sheep, goats and horses.
Trek Veld Vlei Assegai .
The vast spaces of the veld, the silence of the solitudes, the marvellous, varied and abundant animal life, the savage, half-weird character of the natives and the wild adventure of the early colonists have been caught with a true spirit of genius.
Of the roads in general it may be said that they are merely tracks across the veld made at the pleasure of the traveller.
Across the veld from Hutchinson on the western main line via Victoria West to Carnarvon (86 m.).
It is succeeded by the middle veld - not more than 2500 ft.
Above the sea, and that by the low veld - l 000 ft.
On the high veld, where green herbage is found all the year round, large numbers of sheep and cattle are pastured.
The middle veld is suitable for grain crops as well as bananas, sugar, coffee, tea and other semi-tropical produce.
It is situated on the open veld, surrounded by a few low kopjes, 4518 ft.
Africa; Angola; Bokke veld Series in S.
These were all men of progressive, in some respects democratic, views, and in thus forming his cabinet General Botha showed his determination not to be dominated by the " back veld " Boers.
It was not to the hostility of the natives, nor to the hard struggle with nature necessary to make agriculture profitable on Karroo or veld, that the slow progress made by the colonists was due, so much as to the narrow and tyrannical policy adopted by the East India Company, which closed the colony against free immigration, kept the whole of the trade in its own hands, combined the administrative, legislative and judicial powers in one body, prescribed to the farmers the nature of the crops they were to grow, demanded from them a large part of their produce, and harassed them with other exactions tending to discourage industry and enterprise.
Beyond this is the Alexander Veld, used as a military drill ground, and close by is the entrance to the beautiful road called the Scheveningensche Weg, which leads through the "little woods" to Scheveningen.