Vallandigham in May, and, although he responded immediately to the call for militia in June, he thought the Conscription Act unnecessary and unconstitutional and urged the president to postpone the draft until its legality could be tested.
Vallandigham, the Democratic leader, was deported from the state by military order, and the Republicans were successful in the elections of 1863 and 1864.
CLEMENT LAIRD VALLANDIGHAM (1820-71), American politician, was born in New Lisbon, Ohio, on the 29th of July 1820.
President Lincoln commuted this sentence to banishment, and Vallandigham was sent into the Confederate lines, whence he made his way to Canada.
Vallandigham was a good lawyer and a popular politician.
Vallandigham, Life of Clement L.
Vallandigham (Baltimore, 1872); and J.
Vallandigham became the second in command.
Vallandigham of Ohio, .having made a violent public speech at Mt.
By way of political defiance the Democrats of Ohio nominated Vallandigham for governor on the 11th of June.
Prominent Democrats and a committee of the Convention having appealed for his release, Lincoln wrote two long letters in reply discussing the constitutional question, and declaring that in his judgment the president as commander-in-chief in time of rebellion or invasion holds the power and responsibility of suspending the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus, but offering to release Vallandigham if the committee would sign a declaration that rebellion exists, that an army and navy are constitutional means to suppress it, and that each of them would use his personal power and influence to prosecute the war.
When the election took place in Ohio, Vallandigham was defeated by a majority of more than a hundred thousand.
Vallandigham had returned to his home in defiance of his banishment beyond military lines, and was leniently suffered to remain.
The Democratic National Convention adopted (August 29, 1864) a resolution (drafted by Vallandigham) declaring the war a failure, and demanding a cessation of hostilities; it nominated M'Clellan for president, and instead of adjourning sine die as usual, remained organized, and subject to be convened at any time and place by the executive national committee.
During the Civil War he seems to have been affiliated with the Knights of the Golden Circle, but he was not so radical as Vallandigham and others.