His papers were mostly published in the Bibliotheque universelle of Geneva.
In both works he was drawn into controversy with Jean le Clerc, who was then writing his Bibliotheque universelle, and who accused him of partiality.
The change which took place during the 19th century in the substance and style of geography may be well seen by comparing the eight volumes of Malte-Brun's Geographic universelle (Paris, 1812-1829) with the twenty-one volumes of Reclus's Geographic universelle (Paris, 1876-1895).
About this time he conceived the idea of his Bibliotheque universelle de tous les auteurs ecclesiastiques, the first volume of which appeared in 1686.
4to; in the last of which he gives much autobiographical information), mention may be made of Bibliotheque universelle des historiens (2 vols., 1707); L'Histoire de l'eglise en abrege (1712); and L'Histoire profane depuis le commencement du monde jusqu'd present (4 vols., 1712).
For accounts of Mirkhond's life see De Sacy's "Notice sur Mirkhond" in his Memoires sur diverses antiquates de la Perse (Paris, 1 793); Jourdain's "Notice de l'histoire universelle de Mirkhond" in the Notices et extraits, vol.
See Bibliographie Universelle (181 I); N.
There is a detailed account of Hauterive, with considerable extracts from his correspondence with Talleyrand, in the Biographie universelle by A.
See Biographie universelle; Sir William Jones, Works (Vol.
Another continuator of Bayle was Jean Leclerc, one of the most learned and acute critics of the 18th century, who carried on three reviews - the Bibliotheque universelle et historique (1686-1693), the Bibliotheque choisie (1703-1713), and the Bibliotheque ancienne et moderne (1714-1727).
- Annales de bibliographie theologique (1888); Le bibliographe moderne (1897); Bibliographie anatomique (1893); Bibliographie scientifique francaise (1902); Bulletin des bibliotheques et des archives (1884); Bulletin des livres relatifs a l'Amerique (1899); Courrier des bibliotheques (1910); Repertoire methodique de l'histoire moderne et contemporaine de la France (1898); Repertoire methodique du moyen dge francais (1894); Revue bibliographique et critique des langues et litteratures romanes (1889); Revue des bibliotheques (1891); Pplybiblion: revue bibliographique universelle, monthly; Revue generale de bibliographic francaise, bi-monthly.
The latter was followed by the leading periodical of French-speaking Switzerland, the Bibliotheque universelle (1816), which has also had a scientific and a literary series.
These two have been amalgamated and appear as the Bibliotheque universelle et revue suisse.
In 1859 lie won a medal of the second class at the Paris Salon, and at the Exposition Universelle of 1889 a gold medal.
Tablettes chronologiques de l'histoire universelle, by N.
Revised appeared in 1867 under the title Les Forets de la Gaule et de l'ancienne France); La Terre et l'homme, a general historical sketch of geology, geography and ethnology, being the introduction to the Histoire universelle, by Victor Duruy (1854); Histoire des religions de la Grece antique, (3 vols., 1857-1859); La Magie et l'astrologie dans l'antiquite et dans le moyen age (1863); Histoire del' ancienne academie des sciences (1864); Histoire de l'Academie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres (1865); a learned paper on the reports of French archaeology, written on the occasion of the universal exhibition (1867); a number of articles in the Encyclopedie moderne (1846-1851), in Michaud's Biographie universelle (1858 and seq.), in the Journal des savants in the Revue des deux mondes (1873, 1877, 1879-1880, &c.).
He also wrote Mathematique universelle (1728) and Traite de physique sur la pesanteur universelle des corps (1724).
When Le Clerc discontinued his Bibliotheque universelle in 1691, Bernard wrote the greater part of the twentieth volume and the five following volumes.
A good account of the principal works of Legendre is given in the Bibliotheque universelle de Geneve for 18 33, pp. 45-82.
In the Systeme social (1 773), the Politique naturelle (1773-1774) and the Morale universelle (1776) Holbach attempts to rear a system of morality in place of the one he had so fiercely attacked, but these later writings had not a tithe of the popularity and influence of his earlier work.
The first two volumes of the work by which he is best known, his Histoire universelle depuis r_j j0 jusqu'd l'an 160r, appeared in 1616 and 1618 respectively.
The best edition of the Histoire universelle is by A.
These consisted of the essay on habit (Sur l'influence de l'habitude, 1803), a critical review of P. Laromiguiere's lectures (1817), and the philosophical portion of the article "Leibnitz" in the Biographie universelle (1819).
(1857); Anatole de Montaiglon and Georges Duplessis in Revue universelle des arts, i.
These were the Bibliotheque universelle et historique (Amsterdam, 25 vols.
Reclus' Nouvelle geographie universelle (1879; vol.
1830), though a Frenchman by birth, completed his Geographic universelle (1875-1894) in exile at Brussels; and Ernest Nys has written many standard works on international law.
This number 1 L'Harmonie universelle (Paris, 1636), livre v.
Dupetit Thouars in the Biographie universelle; all these were collected under the title Memorials of Ray, and edited (with the addition of a complete catalogue of his works) by Dr Edwin Lankester, 8vo (Ray Society), 1846; Correspondence (with Willughby, Martin Lister, Dr Robinson, Petiver, Derham, Sir Hans Sloane and others), edited by Dr Derham, 1718; Selections, with additions, edited by Lankester (Ray Society), 1848.
Of his works in this connexion the best known is L'Harmonie universelle (1636), dealing with the theory of music and musical instruments.
A later official estimate appeared in 1900 in La Republique de l'Equateur et sa participation a l'Exposition Universelle de rgoo, which gives for the provinces practically the same figures as those of Cevallos, and at the same time assumes the total for the whole republic to be 1,500,000.
The official estimate (La Republique de l'Equateur et sa participation al'Exposition Universelle de 1900) gives the data for the provinces and their capitals, which are shown on the next page.
17) and a notice in the Bibliotheque universelle de Geneve (Dec. 1837).
During the Reign of Terror he was imprisoned at St Lazare; there he began his Precis de l'histoire universelle, afterwards published in nine volumes.
L'Harmonie universelle (Paris, 3636), livre iii.
Four years later, in 1831, the Introduction a l'histoire universelle showed a very different style, exhibiting no doubt the idiosyncrasy and literary power of the writer to greater advantage, but also displaying the peculiar visionary qualities which made Michelet the most stimulating, but the most untrustworthy (not in facts, which he never consciously falsifies, but in suggestion) of all historians.
After the battle of Friedland he received the Legion of 1 Harmonie universelle (Paris, 1636), bk.
And atlas, 3 vols., Paris, 18 45-54); Elisee Reclus, Nouvelle geographie universelle, vol.
Universelle (Jourdain); Lalande, Bibliographie Astronomique; Poggendorff, Biog.
His other works are: Systeme universel (8 vols., 1812); Du Sort de l'homme (3 vols., 1820); Cours de philosophie (8 vols., 1824), reproduced as Explication universelle (3 vols., 1826-1828); Jeunesse, maturite, religion, philosophie (1837), De la phrenologie, du magnetisme, et de la folie (1843).