One of the great public works of Boston is its subway for electric trams, about 3 m.
An excellent service of electric trams interconnect the towns of Hamburg, Altona and the adjacent suburbs, and steamboats provide communication on the Elbe with the riparian towns and villages; and so with Blankenese and Harburg, with Stade, Gliickstadt and Cuxhaven.
Mules are universally employed for animal traction, and narrow gauge lines with single-mule trams are generally used where the traffic is light.
The northern, western and eastern outskirts and London south of the Thames are extensively served by trams. On the formation of the London County Council there were thirteen tramway companies in existence.
The jinrikisha, drawn by one man or sometimes two men, which were formerly the chief means of passenger conveyance, have notably decreased in number since the introduction of the trams. Tokyo has often experienced earthquakes, and more than once has suffered from severe shocks, which have hitherto prevented the erection of very large buildings.
Up to 1906 the trams were horse-drawn; in that year electric cars began running.
The junction of the levels with the pit is known as the " pit eye "; it is usually of an enlarged section, and lined with masonry or brick-work, so as to afford room for handling the wagons or trams of coal brought from the working faces.
Generally it is done by horse or mechanical traction, ground upon railways, the " trams " or " tubs," as the pit convey= wagons are called, being where possible brought up to ante.
The capacity of the trams varies with the size of the workings and the shaft.
When it is desired to preserve a way from one road or similar class of working to another, double doors placed at sufficient intervals apart to take in one or more trams between them when closed are used, forming a kind of lock or sluice.
Danger arising from coal dust is best guarded against by systematically sprinkling or watering the main roads leading from the working faces to the shaft, where the dust falling from the trams in transit is liable to accumulate.
Broad, being sufficient to carry two large trams on one deck.
In 45 seconds, the gross weight of the four trams, cage and chains, and rope, with the coal, being 20 tons 12 cwt.
From the Porte electric trams run to the harbour and also in a circle round the native city.
By these avenues, served by electric trams, access is gained to the suburbs of the city.
To the visitor from Europe the attraction of Tunis lies in the native city, where, in the Rue al Jezira, along which runs electric trams, he can see hundreds of camels in the morning bearing charcoal to market; where he may witness the motley life of the bazaars, or, by the Bab-Jedid, watch the snake-charmers and listen to the Moorish storytellers.
Melbourne has a complete tramway system; all the chief suburbs are connected with the city by cable trams. The tramways are controlled by a trust, representing twelve of the metropolitan municipalities.
The same term - gum-waste--is applied to " waste " made in the various processes of silk throwing; but manufacturers using threads known technically as organzines and trams call the surplus " manufacturer's waste."
The communications within the city are maintained by an excellent system of electric trams, which bring the more distant suburbs into easy connexion with the business centre.
Leading east-north-east from the Piazza del Duomo, the centre of Milanese traffic, especially of electric trams, is the Corso Vittorio Emanuele.
Electric trams ply in the principal streets.
A system of electric trams is maint.ined.
Large shipbuilding yards and a yard for the construction of trams and railway carriages have been constructed in the latter city.
There is a service of steam trams in the principal streets, and three fine bridges connect the town with Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
A broad, tree-bordered, macadamized road, along which run electric trams, leads S.S.W.
Of that city, with which it is also connected by both steam and electric trams. It lies on the Lambro, a tributary of the Po, 532 ft.
It is joined to the city by a bridge (completed 1910) containing a roadway and the railway, Khartum itself being served by steam trams and rickshaws.
Electric trams provide for local traffic, and there are also several light railways joining it with the neighbouring villages.
There is an extensive system of electric trams. Another favourite means of conveyance is by rickshaw, the runners being Zulus.
The picturesque old town occupies an outlying ridge of the Croatian Karst; while the modern town, with its wharves, warehouses, electric light and electric trams, is crowded into the amphitheatre left between the hills and the shore.