(1326-1361), who was noted as a special lover of tournaments, spent in two years only £ 9 0, or an average of about £r5 per tournament; yet he was then laying money by at the rate of £45 0 a year, and, a few years later, at the rate of £1150, or nearly half his income !
Brilliant tournaments were held in 1249 and 1267, and others were prohibited in 1222 and 1244.
The survival of names of obliterated physical features or characteristics is illustrated in Section I.; but additional instances are found in the Strand, which originally ran close to the sloping bank of the Thames, and in Smithfield, now the central meat market, but for long the " smooth field " where a cattle and hay market was held, and the scene of tournaments and games, and also of executions.
Francis showed an even greater love for violent exercises, such as hunting, which was his ruling passion, and tennis, and for tournaments, masquerades and amusements of all kinds.
He celebrated his triumph by a series of splendid tournaments, and completed his scheme for the establishment of the order of the Garter.
Albert, who was a man of great strength and considerable skill in feats of arms, delighted in tournaments and knightly exercises.
Tournaments in particular are fertile occasions of all the deadly sins; and mystery plays, except those of the birth and resurrection of Christ performed in the churches, also lead men into transgression.
Such a circumstance occurring at a time of general festivity, when devices, mottoes and conceits of all kinds were adopted as ornaments or badges of the habits worn at jousts and tournaments, would naturally have been commemorated as other royal expressions seem to have been by its conversion into a device and motto for the dresses at an approaching hastilude."
The following days were take up with tournaments, in which both kings took part, banquets and other entertainments, and after Wolsey had said mass the two sovereigns separated on the 24th.
Destined originally for the Church, he had preferred to become a knight, and in forty years of tournaments and fights he had won himself a considerable reputation, when in 1208 envoys came from the Holy Land to ask Philip Augustus, king of France, to select one of his barons as husband to the heiress, and ruler of the kingdom, of Jerusalem.
He frequently assisted Philip in conducting negotiations with foreign powers, and he was an arbiter in tournaments and on all questions of chivalry, where his wide knowledge of heraldry was highly useful.
John surrounded himself with evil counsellors, Simon de Buci, Robert de Lorris, Nicolas Braque, men of low origin who robbed the treasury and oppressed the people, while the king gave himself up to tournaments and festivities.
He was granted royal state with his captive companions, made a guest at tournaments, and supplied with luxuries imported by him from France.
The tournaments which took place under his auspices were worthy of the best days of chivalry in France and England.