Tornadoes are also a not infrequent infliction, least common in the west.
You see houses a hundred years old standing in areas where tornadoes occur a number of times a year.
There were border wars with rebellious savage tribes, attacks made by Chinese pirates seeking plunder or refuge, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tornadoes and the periodical visits of marauders from the southern islands.
Although of reduced strength in the summer, they still suffice to dominate weather changes; it is during the approach of a low pressure centre that hot southerly winds prevail; they sometimes reach so high a temperature as to wither and blight the grain crops; and it is almost exclusively in connection with the cloudy areas near and south-east of these cyclonic centres that violent thunderstorms, with their occasional destructive whirling tornadoes, are formed.
More than eight or ten years rarely pass without tornadoes or hurricanes of local severity at least.
It was occasionally styled the Windy or Windward coast, from the frequency of short but furious tornadoes throughout the year.
The climate of the coast district is hot, moist and unhealthy, with a season of heavy rain lasting from May to November, during which time variable winds, calms and tornadoes succeed one another.
Many of the public buildings, including the college, suffered severely from the earthquake of the 12th of June 1897; and great damage was done by tornadoes in April of 1888 and 1902.
It is also exposed to the dangerous Papagayos tornadoes, caused by the prevailing north-easterly winds meeting opposite currents from the Pacific. It is drained on the south by the San Juan river, which flows generally east by south to the Caribbean Sea.
During the dry season, when the climate is very much like that of the West Indies, there occur terrible tornadoes and long periods of the harmattan - a north-east wind, dry and desiccating, and carrying with it from the Sahara clouds of fine dust, which sailors designate "smokes."
Such calamities are, however, uncommon, and the belief that Nebraska is often visited by tornadoes is erroneous.
Light hailstorms are not uncommon, but tornadoes are unknown in the state.
Tornadoes are not unknown, and local hail storms are frequent in the summer, but do little damage.