71; Thuc. i.
53; Thuc. vi.
The early Athenians wore their hair in the fashion termed Kpc. f3uXos, with fastenings called " grasshoppers " (TET'r Es), in allusion to their claim of having originally sprung from the soil (Thuc. i.
We hear incidentally of disputes, seditions and changes, among others the expulsion of the Gamori early in the 5th century B.C. (Thuc. v.
They were not strictly colonies but outposts; Camarina indeed was destroyed after a revolt against the ruling city (Thuc. v.
At first complete incredulity prevailed as to the Athenian expedition (Thuc. vi.
On the other hand, even in older Greek usage (as in Thuc. vi.
It is said (Thuc. i.
9 1307 b 20; Thuc. viii.
Died in December 425, or January 424 (Thuc. iv.
In the case of Lesbos (427), were apparently allowed to remain in Athens receiving rent for their allotments from the original Lesbian owners (Thuc. iii.
Aristotle says that the ephors of each year on entering office declared war on the helots so that they might be put to death at any time without violating religious scruple (Plutarch, Lycurgus 28), and we have a well-attested record of 2000 helots being freed for service in war and then secretly assassinated (Thuc. iv.
A crowd of small settlements from the old Phoenicia, settlements for trade rather than for dominion, factories rather than colonies, grew up on promontories and small islands all round the coast (Thuc. vi.
Of the Sicilian Naxos by Chalcidians of Euboea under Theocles, which is assigned to 735 B.C. (Thuc. v.
They made speakers in old Greece (Thuc. vi.
It is even possible to appeal to a local Sicilian patriotism (Thuc. vi.
The quasi-continental character of Sicily causes Syracuse, with its havens and its island, to be looked on, in comparison with Athens, as a land power (inrapcorae, Thuc. vii.
Even of these we learn (Thuc. iii.
Shortly afterwards the Spartans 1 So Thuc. iii.
By combining the evidence of Plutarch (in his comparison of Nicias and Crassus), Thuc. v.
The view is based partly on Thuc. i.
It sent out colonies to Thasos (Thuc. iv.
9.22), 7) vavapxla oxeSew 4ripa (3aotXda KaOEUT11KEP. He was subject only to the ephors, who, if he proved incompetent, could depose him (Thuc. viii.
The inhabitants of Scyros before the Athenian conquest were Dolopes (Thuc. I.
Yet except at the beginning of the 4th century the perioeci were, so far as we can judge, fairly contented, and only two of their cities joined the insurgent helots in 464 B.C. (Thuc. i.
The demiurgi among other officials represent Elis and Mantineia at the treaty of peace between Athens, Argos, Elis and Mantineia in 420 B.C. (Thuc. v.
9.25, Thuc. i.
The letter to Pausanias in Thuc. i.
P. 633) emphasizes the former aspect, but there can be little doubt that, at all events after the revolt of 464 (see Cimon), its more sinister purpose was predominant, as we may gather from the secret massacre of 2000 helots who, on the invitation of the ephors, claimed to have rendered distinguished service (Thuc. iv.
At the siege of Plataea (429 B.C.) the Spartans attempted to burn the town by piling up against the walls wood saturated with pitch and sulphur and setting it on fire (Thuc. ii.
77), and at the siege of Delium (424 B.C.) a cauldron containing pitch, sulphur and burning charcoal, was placed against the walls and urged into flame by the aid of a bellows, the blast from which was conveyed through a hollow tree-trunk (Thuc. iv.