Thorbecke (Heidelberg, 1867) and A.
Groen was violently opposed to Thorbecke, whose principles he denounced as ungodly and revolutionary.
Thorbecke, Fiihrer durch den Teutoburger Wald (15th ed., Detmold, 1905); Wilisch, Der Kampf urn das Schlachtfeld im Teutoburger Walde (Neue Jahrbiicher fiir das klassische Altertum, May 1909).
'JAN RUDOLF THORBECKE (1798-1872), Dutch statesman, was born at Zwolle, in the province of Overijssel, on the 14th of January 1798.
Thorbecke was of German extraction, his grandfather, Heinrich Thorbecke, having settled in Overijssel towards the end of the 17th century.
In the following years Thorbecke undertook a journey of research and study in Germany, staying at most of her famous universities, and making the acquaintance of his best-known contemporaries in the fatherland.
After his return to Amsterdam in 1824 Thorbecke wrote his first political work of any importance, Bedenkingen aangaande het Recht en den Staat (" Objections anent Law and the State"), which by its close reasoning and its legal acumen at once drew attention to the young barrister, and procured him in 1825 a chair as professor in Ghent University.
The Belgian revolt of that year forced Thorbecke to resign his position at Ghent, and he subsequently went to Leiden.
In that capacity, and, before his appointment at Leiden, as a lecturer on political science, history and economics at Amsterdam, he gained great reputation as a political reformer, particularly after the publication of his standard work, Aanteekeningen op de Grondwet (" Annotations on the Constitution," 1839; 2nd ed., Amsterdam, 1841-1843), which became the textbook and the groundwork for the new reform party in Holland, as whose leader Thorbecke was definitely recognized.
Of Dutch statesmen during the Napoleonic period, Thorbecke admired Falck and Van Hogendorp most, whose principles he strove to emulate.
In 1876 a statue of Thorbecke was unveiled in one of the squares of Amsterdam.
Thus, by his enemies, Thorbecke was often held up to scorn as a pure materialist and no friend of the fine arts, because at a sitting of the states-general in 1862 he had said that it is not the duty of the state, nor in the true interest of art itself, for the government to "protect" art, since all state-aided art must be artificial, like any forced plant.
This was popularly condensed into the aphorism, yet current in Holland, that "Art is not the business of the government," and Thorbecke was condemned as the author of it.
The best biographical sketch of Thorbecke we owe to the late Professor Buys, his principal scholar and devoted friend, whose biography appeared in 1876 at Tiel.
Thorbecke, Geschichte der Universited Heidelberg (Stuttgart, 1886); the Urkundenbuch der Universiteit Heidelberg, edited by Winkelmann (Heidelberg, 1886); Bah:, Die Entfiihrung der Heidelberger Bibliothek nach Rom (Leipzig, 1845); and G.
Thorbecke (1798-1872), and the Leidscheplein, with the large town theatre, rebuilt in 1890-1894 after a fire.