Theocritus (Idyll 17) hails Ptolemy Philadelphus as a demigod, and speaks of his father as seated among the gods along with Alexander.
We can trace obligations to Meleager, Theocritus, Apollonius Rhodius and other Alexandrines, and amongst earlier writers to Homer, Pindar, Aeschylus and others.
1207; Theocritus xiii.; Strabo xii.
Izidore Guzmics, the translator of Theocritus into Magyar hexameters, is chiefly noted for his prose writings on ecclesiastical and philosophical subjects.
He does not seek in that poem to draw Italian peasants from the life, but to bring back the shepherds of Theocritus on Italian scenes.
His shepherds are not the shepherds of Theocritus, nor are they in any sense true to life.
For nearly three years, however, he was enabled to study and to experiment in verse without any active pressure or interruption from his family - three precious years in which the first phase of his art as a writer of idylls and bucolics, imitated to a large extent from Theocritus, Bion and the Greek anthologists, was elaborated.
The earliest efforts of his art (the Eclogues) reproduce the cadences, the diction and the pastoral fancies of Theocritus; but even in these imitative poems of his youth Virgil shows a perfect mastery of his materials.
Some idea of their general character may be gathered from the 2nd and 15th idylls of Theocritus, which are said to have been imitated from the AKEarptac and IaUµcit ouoac of his Syracusan predecessor.
The poets of that age, including Callimachus and Theocritus, were subsequently expounded by Theon, who flourished under Tiberius, and has been well described as " the Didymus of the Alexandrian poets."
The latest name in the above list is that of Polybius, who died about 123 B.C. Apollonius Rhodius, Aratus and Theocritus were subsequently added to the " epic " poets.
In the time of Photius the poets usually studied at school were Homer, Hesiod, Pindar; certain select plays of Aeschylus (Prometheus, Septem and Persae), Sophocles (Ajax, Electra and Oedipus Tyrannus), and Euripides (Hecuba, Orestes, Phoenissae, and, next to these, Alcestis, Andromache, Hippolytus, Medea, Rhesus, Troades,) also Aristophanes (beginning with the Plutus), Theocritus, Lycophron, and Dionysius Periegetes.
In 1494-1515 Aldus Manutius published at Venice no less than twenty-seven editiones principes of Greek authors and of Greek works of reference, the authors including Aristotle, Theophrastus, Theocritus, Aristophanes, Thucydides, Sophocles, Herodotus, Euripides, Demosthenes (and the minor Attic orators), Pindar, Plato and Athenaeus.
Before his time four Italian towns had won the honours of Greek publications: Milan, with the grammar of Lascaris, Aesop, Theocritus, a Greek Psalter, and Isocrates, between 1476 and 1493; Venice, with the Erotemata of Chrysoloras in 1484; Vicenza, with reprints of Lascaris's grammar and the Erotemata, in 1488 and 1490; Florence, with Alopa's Homer, in 1488.
Of these works, only three, the Milanese Theocritus and Isocrates and the Florentine Homer, were classics.
The spread of Hellenic culture among the Sicels had in return made a Greek home for many Sicel beliefs, traditions and customs. Bucolic poetry is the native growth of Sicily; in the hands of Theocritus it grew out of the germs supplied by Epicharmus and Sophron into a distinct and finished form of the art.
13; Theocritus, Idyll 25.
511; Theocritus xxvi; Apollodorus iii.
She is constantly invoked, in the well-known idyll (ii.) of Theocritus, in the incantation to bring back a woman's faithless lover.
On Theocritus ii.
THEOCRITUS, the creator of pastoral poetry, flourished in the 3rd century B.C. Little is known of him beyond what can be inferred from his writings.
I, Theocritus, who wrote these songs, am of Syracuse, a man of the people, the son of Praxagoras and famed Philina.
A larger collection, possibly more extensive than that of Artemidorus, and including poems of doubtful authenticity, was known to Suidas, who says: ` L' Theocritus wrote the so-called bucolic poems in the Dorian dialect.
Theocritus speaks of himself as having already gained fame, and says that his lays have been brought by report even unto the throne of Zeus.
It may be noted that the peasants of Theocritus differ greatly in refinement.
Are laid in the neighbourhood of Croton, and we may infer that Theocritus was personally acquainted with Magna Graecia.
S On the other hand, it is clear that both poems were in Virgil's Theocritus, and that they passed the scrutiny of the editor who formed the short collection of Theocritean Bucolics.
It is, however, likely that Theocritus intentionally used realistic language for the sake of dramatic effect, and the MSS.
It cannot be said that Theocritus exhibits signal merit in his Epics.
Theocritus celebrates the incestuous marriage of Ptolemy Philadelphus with his sister Arsinoe.
6 This poem, therefore, together with xv., which Theocritus wrote to please Arsinoe (Schol.
Would from internal reasons seem prior to that upon Ptolemy, since in it Theocritus is a hungry poet seeking for a patron, while in the other he is well satisfied with the world.
Now Hiero first came to the front in 275 B.C. when he was made " General " (QTpaT27y6s) : Theocritus speaks of his achievements as still to come, and the silence of the poet would show that Hiero's marriage to Philistis, his victory over the Mamertines at the Longanus and his election as " King " (#ao-Aein), events which are ascribed to 270 B.C., had not yet taken place.
Two of these are certainly by Theocritus, viz., xxviii.
As the subject and style very closely resemble that of xxix., it is assigned to Theocritus by recent editors.
It can hardly be by Leonidas himself, who was a contemporary of Theocritus, as it bears marks of lateness.
It contains imitations of Theocritus, but the tone and the language betray a later writer.
We have no sure facts as to the life of Theocritus beyond those supplied by Idylls xvi.
The usual view is that Theocritus went first from Syracuse to Cos, and then, after suing in vain for the favour of Hiero, took up his residence permanently in Egypt.
The poems of Theocritus were termed Idylls (E165XXta) by the grammarians.
- Theocritus wrote in various dialects according to the subject.
The metre used by Theocritus in the Bucolics and Mimes, as well as in the Epics, is the dactylic hexameter.
Theocritus in the Epics conforms to the new technique in both these respects: in the Bucolics his practice agrees with that of Homer.
Theocritus uses it so frequently in the Bucolics that it has become a mannerism.
We always think of Theocritus as an original 'poet, and as the " inventor of bucolic poetry " he deserves this reputation.
The love of the Cyclops for Galatea had been treated by Philoxenus, and fragments quoted from this show that Theocritus copied some of his phrases closely.
In the mimes Theocritus appears to have made great use of Sophron.
3 Sophron's mime began with 7r6, yap a 6ac i 5aXTos; Theocritus's begins with ir¢ b un Tai SacAvac; The Scholiast thought that Theocritus showed want of taste in, making Thestylis a persona muta, instead of giving her a share in the dialogue as Sophron had done.
The relation of Theocritus to Herondas is a subject of great interest.
A native of Cos, so that he and Theocritus must have been acquainted.
The oldest authority for any part of Theocritus is a papyrus discovered by B.
There are important Scholia to Theocritus, or rather to that portion of the poems (i.-xvii.
Wilamowitz-Mollendorff ascribes the nucleus of these Scholia to Theon, who wrote similar scholia on Lycophron and Apollonius Rhodius, and is stated to have written a commentary on Theocritus. ?
A vivid description of the festival at Alexandria (for which Bion probably wrote his Dirge of Adonis) is given by Theocritus in his fifteenth idyll, the Adoniazusae.
Callimachus, made keeper of the library, Theocritus, and a host of lesser poets, glorified the Ptolemaic family.
699; Theocritus xxii.
He is indeed the Victorian Theocritus; and, as English country life is slowly swept away before the advance of the railway and the telegraph, he will be more and more read for his warm-hearted and fragrant record of rustic love and piety.
749; Theocritus xi.