The typically industrial region of France is the department of Nord, the seat of the woollen industry, but also prominently concerned in other textile industries, in metal working, and in a variety of other manufactures, fuel for which is supplied by its coal-fields.
Iron goods of various kinds, glass and pottery, school slates, pencils and marbles are produced; the abundant timber fosters the manufacture of all kinds of wooden articles, especially toys; and the textile industry and the manufacture of leather goods, papier mache and sewing-machines are also carried on.
Vermont was almost the last of the New England states to develop textile manufactures, though the manufacture of woollen goods was begun in 1824.
Tile chief textile plants are hemp, flax and cotton.
The textile industries, some of which are of ancient date, are among those that have most rapidly developed.
The other textile industries (flax, jute, &c.) have made notable progress.
Textile, building and mining industries show the highest percentage of strikes, since they give employment to large numbers of men concentrated in single localities.
The richest, however, of the co-operative societies, though few in number, are those for the production of electricity, for textile industries and for ceramic and glass manufactures.
The chief imports are textile fabrics, rice and petroleum.
Textile plants are extremely common.
Yarns, textile goods and weaving industries generally have not attained any great dimensions, but there are large jute-spinning mills and factories for cotton-wool and cotton driving - belts.
The ordinary macintosh or waterproof cloth is prepared by spreading on the textile fabric layer after layer of indiarubber paste or solution made with benzol or coal-naphtha.
The articles are first fashioned by joining the soft material; they are then varnished, and afterwards cured in ovens heated to about 135° C. The fine vulcanized " spread sheets " are made by spreading layers of indiarubber solution, already charged with the requisite proportion of sulphur, on a textile base previously prepared with a mixture of paste, glue and treacle.
The formerly flourishing textile industries are now of small importance.
Textile manufacturing by improved methods was hardly well established in Rhode Island before 1825.
Textile Fabrics and Embroider yIn no branch of applied art does the decorative genius of Japan show more attractive results than in that of textile fabrics, and in none has there been more conspicuous progress during recent years.
The commonwealth contributes to the support of textile schools in cities in which 450,000 spindles are in operation.
Bagnall, The Textile Industries of the United States (vol.
Hayes, " American Textile Machinery: its Early History, &c."
All textile work was done by hand; the only devices known were the bark peeler and beater, the shredder, the flint-knife, the spindle, the rope-twister, the bodkin, the warp-beam and the most primitive harness.
Textile work in other parts of South America did not differ from that of the Southern states of the Union.
The addition of brilliant ornamentation in shell, teeth, feathers, wings of insects and dyed fibres completed the round of the textile art.
- Textile Fabric in brown and yellowish white, with figures of birds and men holding staves and head trophies.
Of the other textile industries none except the manufacture of carpets and rugs and silk and silk goods has become very prominent, and yet the total value of all textile products in 1905 was $123,668,177.
The first of the modern textile mills were established in 1838 for the manufacture of coach-lace.
During the early Industrial Revolution, factory workers in France (or in some accounts, the Netherlands), were concerned that the mechanization of the textile industry would cost them their jobs.