DETMOLD, a town of Germany, capital of the principality of Lippe-Detmold, beautifully situated on the east slope of the Teutoburger Wald, 25 m.
By the long low range of the Teutoburger Wald and its southern prolongation the Eggegebirge, and on the S.
By the Lippe, which rise close together in the Teutoburger Wald.
The Rotlagergebirge, Eggegebirge and Teutoburger Wald form with some intermediate ranges the watershed between the basin of the Weser and those of the Rhine and Ems. In the N.E.
TEUTOBURGER WALD, a mountain range of Germany, stretching N.W.
The Teutoburger Wald was the scene of a famous battle in which Arminius at the head of the Cherusci destroyed three Roman legions under Quintilius Varus (A.D.
Thorbecke, Fiihrer durch den Teutoburger Wald (15th ed., Detmold, 1905); Wilisch, Der Kampf urn das Schlachtfeld im Teutoburger Walde (Neue Jahrbiicher fiir das klassische Altertum, May 1909).
It is situated at the foot of the Teutoburger Wald, and consists of two portions, separated by the river Lutter, which were first united into one town in 1520.
Heavily laden with baggage the troops of Varus were decoyed into the fastnesses of the Teutoburger Wald, and there attacked, the completeness of the barbarian victory being attested by the virtual annihilation of three legions, by the voluntary death of Varus, and by the terror which reigned in Rome when the news of the defeat became known, a terror which found utterance in the emperor's despairing cry: "Varus, give me back my legions!"
An indecisive battle was fought in the Teutoburger Wald, where Germanicus narrowly escaped the fate of Varus, and in the following year Arminius was defeated.
Much discussion has taken place with regard to the exact spot in the Teutoburger Wald where the great battle between Arminius and Varus was fought.
Meyer, Untersuchungen iiber die Schlacht im Teutoburger Walde (1893); A.
Wilms, Die Schlacht im Teutoburger Walde (1899); F.
Knoke, Das Schlachtfeld im Teutoburger Walde (1899); E.
A narrow ridge, ~he Teutoburger Wald (1300 ft.), extends between the Weser and the Ems as far as the neighborhood of OsnabrQck.
In Germany there are the Westphalian Aa, rising in the Teutoburger Wald, and joining the Werre at Herford, the Munster Aa, a tributary of the Ems, and others.
It rises near Lippspringe under the western declivity of the Teutoburger Wald, and, after being joined by the Alme, the Pader and the Ahse on the left, and by the Stever on the right, flows into the Rhine near Wesel, after a course of 1S4 m.