(1876), 179-254; Driver, " Recent Theories on the Origin and Nature of the Tetragrammaton," in Studia Biblica, I.
(1885), 1 -20; Deissmann, " Griechische Transkriptionen des Tetragrammaton," in Bibelstudien (1895), 1 -20; Blau, Das altji dische Zauberwesen, 1898.
TETRAGRAMMATON (TETTapa, four; ypcp. a, letter), a Greek compound, found in Philo and Josephus, which designates the divine name composed of the four Hebrew letters J H V H (n»').
The derivation and pronunciation of the Tetragrammaton is still doubtful.
The Jews quite early ceased to pronounce the Tetragrammaton, substituting (as the Books of Chronicles and the LXX translation already indicate) the word Lord ('Adonai).
Partly in consequence of this mystery and partly in accord with widespread superstitions, the Tetragrammaton figures in magical formulae from the time of the Gnostics, and on amulets.
Moreover the scruple as to the pronunciation of the Tetragrammaton seems to have arisen earlier, as in the LXX.
And V.) which may reasonably be assigned to the Temple at Jerusalem uses freely the name min', it may be inferred that the district where an objection was felt to writing the Tetragrammaton was some distance from Jerusalem, and probably not in such close touch with it as most of the country districts of Judaea would be.
The human form is shaped after the four letters which constitute the Jewish Tetragrammaton (q.v.; see also Jehovah).