People of Berber, or as identical with Barabara, figuring in the inscription on a gateway of Tethmosis I.
Something about the ancient political and geographical relations of Syria can be gleaned from Egyptian sources, especially in connexion with the campaigns of Tethmosis (Thothmes) III.
Moreover, we possess enumerations of towns in the geographical lists of the temple of Karnak and in a hieratic papyrus dating about 200 years after Tethmosis III.
Single ones of Tethmosis I.
In the Middle Kingdom and Tethmosis I.,.
Hatshepsut, Tethmosis III.
That for Antinous at Benevento): twelve are at Rome, one in Constantinople; two, originally set up by Tethmosis III.
This had been set up by Tethmosis III.
One of the best known of these representations is that carved on the memorial stone placed by Tethmosis (Thothmes) IV.
(1533 B.C.) on the breast of the Sphinx at Gizeh.l The tablet represents Tethmosis before his guardian deity, the sun-god Re, pouring a libation of wine on one side and offering incense on the other.
- The decipherment of the inscriptions of the XVIIIth Theban Dynasty led, before the middle of the 19th century, to the discovery of the important part played in the Syrian campaigns of Tethmosis (Thothmes) III.
Syria, not apparently at Kadesh, but at Carchemish, though they had not been in possession of the latter place long (not in the epoch of Tethmosis I.'s Syrian campaign).
GEZER (the Kazir of Tethmosis [Thothmesj III.'s list of Palestinian cities and the Gazri of the Amarna tablets), a royal Canaanite city on the boundary of Ephraim, in the maritime plain (Josh.
Xvii.), and suits of armour had already been taken from Mesopotamia by Tethmosis III.
Some of the earliest documents which we possess are dated by the year in which some noticeable event took place, as in contract-tablets of the age of Sargon of Agade 1 To avoid any possibility of overstating the case, it is necessary to refer here to the fact that Tethmosis (Thothmes) III.
Philostratus calls a Hierapolis, i 1 apxaIa Nivos but it must not be confounded with the Egyptian NI-y, Assur-bani-pal NI, the frontier city to the east of Egypt's greatest extension, where Tethmosis (Thothmes) III.
I, see Bible: Chronology) place the former about the time of Tethmosis (Thothmes) III., and suppose that the hostile Habiri (Khabiri) who 1 There is a lacuna between the oldest traditions in Genesis and those in Exodus: the latter beginning simply "and there arose a new king over Egypt which knew not Joseph."
Appearance of a Semitic name of this kind is in the last paragraph of the biography of Alhmose of el-Kab, the aged officer of Tethmosis (Thutmose) I.
After they had been driven out of Egypt (q.v.), when Ahmose, the officer of Tethmosis (Thutmose) I., mentions Naharin (late 16th century), he does not say anything about the inhabitants.
The first mention of Mitanni, as we saw, is under Tethmosis III., who clearly crossed the Euphrates.
4 Victorious expeditions into Naharin are claimed for Amenophis II., Tethmosis IV.
The Egyptian references are too contemptuous to name the rulers; but Shaushatar may have begun his reign during the lifetime of Tethmosis III., and from cuneiform sources we know the names of six other Mitanni rulers.
They include colossal figures of Aesculapius and Bacchus, and the lower half of a seated Egyptian divinity in black basalt, bearing the cartouche of Tethmosis (Thothmes) I.
Whether the campaign of Thothmes (Tethmosis) I.
Of iron which had absorbed some carbon from the coals with which it had been made, and had been quenched in water from a red heat; that an iron tool has been found embedded in the ancient pyramid of Kephron (probably as early as 3500 B.C.); that iron metallurgy had advanced at the time of Tethmosis (Thothmes) III.
The early rulers of this dynasty down to Tethmosis III.
On the east bank at Karnak stand the great state temple of Amen-Re with its obelisks of Hatshepsut and Tethmosis I.
Far behind Medinet Habu are the Tombs of the Queens, where royal relatives of the XXth Dynasty are buried; and immediately behind the lofty cliffs of Deir el Bahri, but accessible only by a very circuitous route from Kurna, are the tombs of the kings (from Tethmosis I.
Hatred of these impious foreigners, of which there is some trace in more than one text, aroused amongst the Egyptians (as nothing ever did before or since) that martial spirit which carried the armies of Tethmosis to the Euphrates.
Thus, for instance, the name of Tethmosis IILMNFJPRRis spelled (o e~e~m (as R is the name of the sun-god, with customary deference to the deity it is written first though pronounced last).
More fulness and richness of character succeeded, as in Tahutmes (Tethmosis) III.
The first glass is black and white under Tethmosis (Tahutmes) III.
The XVIIIth Dynasty used a rather softer ware, decorated at first with a red edge or band around the top, and under Tethmosis (Tahutmes) III.
The great temple of Karnak had existed since the XIth Dynasty or earlier, but the existing structure was begun under Tethmosis (Tahutmes) I., and two of the great pylons and one obelisk of his remain in place.
The erasures of her name by Tethmosis III., and reinsertions of names under later kings, the military scenes, and the religious groups showing the sacred kine of Hathor, all add to the interest of the remarkable temple.
And Tethmosis IV.
At Medinet Habfl the temple of Tethmosis III.
(when interpreted on the assumption stated above), and another at 2lephantine of an uncertain year of Tethmosis III., tally well with each other (1550-1546, 1474-1470 nc.) and with the Babylonian synchronism (not yet accurately determined) under Amenhotp IV.
The principal source for the history of this time is the biographical inscription at El Kab of a namesake of the king, Ahmosi son of Abana, a sailor and warrior whose exploits extend to the reign of TethmOsis I.
Tethmosis thoroughly subdued Cush, which had already been placed under the government of a viceroy.
Turning next to Syria, Tethmosis carried his arms as far as the Euphrates.
Towards the end of his reign, his elder sons being dead, Tethmosis associated a~ep- Hatshepsut, his daughter by Ahmosi, with himself upon the throne.
Succeeded as the husband of his half-sister, but reigned only two or three years, during which he warred in Nubia and placed Tethmosis III., his son by a concubine Esi, upon the throne beside him (c. 1500 B.C.).
On some monuments of this period her name appears alone, on others in conjunction with that of Tethmosis III., while the latter again may appear without the queens; but this extraordinary w~oman must have had a great influence over her stepson and was the acknowledged ruler of Egypt.
Tethmosis, to judge by the evidence of his mummy and the chronology of his reign, was already a grown man, yet no sign of the immense powers which he displayed later has come down to us from the joint reign.
At Karnak Hatshepsut labored chiefly to complete the works projected in the reigns of Tethmosis I.
A date of the twenty-second year of her reign has been found at Sinai, no doubt counted from the beginning of the co-regency with Tethmosis I.
Not much later, in his twenty-second year, Tethmosis III.