The Terrorists lifted their heads in the Council of Five Hundred.
Many of the furious Terrorists now became quiet and active councillors or administrators, the First Consul adopting the plan of multiplying "places," of overwhelming all officials with work, and of busying the watch-dogs of the Jacobinical party by "throwing them bones to gnaw."
The execution of Robespierre on the 28th of July had ended the Terror, and Babeuf - now self-styled "Gracchus" Babeuf - defended the men of Thermidor and attacked the fallen terrorists with his usual violence.
The struggle between the Terrorists and the police authorities became more and more intense, and attempts at assassination became more and more frequent.
He flattered in turn Saint Just and the Terrorists, the Thermidorians and the Directors, and played always for his own hand - a strange egoist who rose to fame as the leader of an idealist and sentimental crusade.
His horrible career ended with the fall of Robespierre and the terrorists on the 9th Thermidor.
About 348 a synod of Catholic bishops, who had met to record their gratitude for the effective official repression of the "Circumcelliones" (Donatist terrorists), declared against the rebaptism of any one who had been baptized in the name of the Trinity, and adopted twelve canons of clerical discipline.
It included old followers of Danton like Tallien, independent Jacobins like Cambon, some of the worst Terrorists like Fouche, and such a consummate time-server as Barere.
The rule of the Terrorists made inevitable the reign of Napoleon.
Beside the remnant of Terrorists, such as Billaud Varennes and Collot d'Herbois, who had joined in the revolt against As- Robespierre, there were in the Convention at that time three principal factions.
Committee having recommended the indictment of Collot d'Herbois and three other Terrorists, there ensued the rising of the 12th Germinal (April 1).
Although brought about by the Terrorists, the tragic fall of Robespierre put an end to the Reign of Terror; for their chiefs having disappeared, the subordinates were too much Thfrd divided to keep up the dictatorship of the third commiUee Committee of Public Safety, and reaction soon set in.
To cut off all danger from royalists or terrorists the Convention now voted the Constitution of the year III.; suppressing that The con- of 1793, in order to counteract the terrorists, and stitution re-establishing the bourgeois limited franchise with of the election in two degreesa less liberal arrangement than year!!!.
The of the revolutionary terrorists were countered by the Russian terrorists of the reaction who under the name of People."
The Terrorists paid a veritable worship to his memory, as to a martyr of Liberty.