The gelatinous, generally reddish-brown masses of spores - the teleutospores - formed on the juniper in the spring germinate and form minute spores - sporidia - which give rise to the aecidium stage on the pear.
As with other plants, so in fungi the essential process of fertilization consists in the fusion of two nuclei, but owing to the absence of well-marked sexual organs from many fungi, a peculiar interest attaches to certain nuclear fusions in the vegetative cells or in young spores of many forms. Thus in Ustilagineae the chlamydospores, and in Uredineae the teleutospores, each contain two nuclei when young, which fuse as the spores mature.
Five different kinds of spores may be present - teleutospores, sporidia (= basidiospores), aecidiospores, spermatia and uredospores (fig.
In lepto and micro forms both aecidiospores and uredospores are absent, the sporidia producing a mycelium which gives rise directly to teleutospores; in the lepto forms the teleutospores can germinate directly, in the micro forms only after a period of rest.
A, Mass of teleutospores (t) on a leaf of couch-grass.
Host on which the uredospores (if present) and the teleutospores are developed.
After this association the nuclei continue in the conjugate condition so s that the aecidiospores, the uredospore-bearing mycelium, the uredospores and the young teleutospores all contain two paired nuclei in their cells (fig.
Uredospores in the hemi and a, Fertile cells; at a 2 the brachy forms, and before the passage of a nucleus from formation of teleutospores in the adjoining cell is seen.
Mycelium ircdospores otachY' ar Mycelium aecidi'spores teleutospores (young) - mycelium SporoNtyte with conjugate nuclei GametohyEe with single nuclei teleutospores ?(mature) 8a ?; sporida ?m celium erm $ fertile cells Y sp (abortaitviae) (of aecidium) fertilized cells (of aecidium) and bears the basidiospores.