TEBESSA (the Roman Theveste), a town of Algeria in the department of Constantine, 146 m.
Nine miles from Tebessa are the extensive phosphate quarries of Jebel Dyr, where is also an interesting megalithic village.
A network of military routes, constructed and kept in repair by the soldiers, led from Lambaesa in all directions, and stretched along the frontier as far as Leptis Magna, passing Theveste (Tebessa), Thenae and Tacape (Gabes).
Cirta (Constantine) and Bulla Regia (Hammam Darraj), its chief towns, received coloniae of soldiers and veterans, as well as Theveste (Tebessa) and Thamugas (Timgad).
In all the towns of Algeria and Tunisia museums have been founded for storing the antiquities of the region; the most important of these are the museums of St Louis, Carthage and the palace of Bardo (musee Alaoui) near Tunis, those of Susa, Constantine, Lambessa, Timgad, Tebessa, Philippeville, Cherchel and Oran.
P. Delattre; of Tebessa by S.
In the department of Constantine, which is peculiarly rich in Roman remains, Tebessa has been most carefully explored by M.
North-west of Gafsa) and Tebessa in Algeria is strewn on both sides with Roman ruins; the old houses and other ruins at and near Thala; the baths and other ruins of Gafsa; the baths at Tuzer, El Hamma and Gabes.
In 1906 was opened a continuation of the line from Pont du Fahs to Kef and thence southwest to Kalaat-es-Senam, a place midway between Kef and Tebessa, the centre of the Algerian phosphate region.
By the finishing of the SusaSfax, Gabes-Tebessa lines in 1909.
Algeria contains important deposits of phosphorite, especially near Tebessa and at Tocqueville in the province of Constantine.
The Lower Eocene rocks contain the chief phosphatic deposits of Algeria, those of the Tebessa region being the best known.
For a description of the chief antiquities see the separate town articles, including, besides those already cited, Lambessa, Tebessa, Tipasa and Timgad.
Immense phosphate beds were discovered near Tebessa in 1891.