Tallien attacked him with fury as a former Montagnard.
On the 16th Germinal, Tallien procured a decree of accusation against him, but he was already in safety, taking refuge probably at Lausanne.
JEAN LAMBERT TALLIEN (1767-1820), French Revolutionist, was the son of the maitre d'hôtel of the marquis de Bercy, and was born in Paris.
Tallien showed himself one of the most vigorous of the proconsuls sent over France to establish the Terror in the provinces; though with but few adherents, he soon awed the great city into quiet.
Among his prisoners was Therese, the divorced wife of the comte de Fontenay, and daughter of the Spanish banker, Francois Cabarrus, one of the most fascinating women of her time, and Tallien not only spared her life but fell in love with her.
Suspected of "Moderatism" on account of this incident, especially when he was recalled to Paris, Tallien increased, in appearance, his revolutionary zeal, but Therese abated his revolutionary ardour, and from the lives she saved by her entreaties she received the name of "Our Lady of Thermidor," after the 9th of Thermidor.
Tallien was even elected president of the Convention on the 24th of March 1794.
But the Terror could not be maintained at the same pitch: Robespierre began to see that he must strike at many of his own colleagues in the committees if he was to carry out his theories, and Tallien was one of the men condemned with them.
They determined to strike first, and on the great day of Thermidor it was Tallien who, urged on by the danger in which his beloved lay, opened the attack upon Robespierre.
The movement was successful; Robespierre and his friends were guillotined; and Tallien, as the leading Thermidorian, was elected to the Committee of Public Safety.
Madame Tallien also tired of him, and became the mistress of the rich banker Ouvrard.
Tallien left an interesting Discours sur les causes qui ont produit la Revolution francaise (Paris, 1791, in 8vo) and a Memoire sur l'administration de J'Egypte d l'arrivee des Franrais.
See Tallien et l'Expedition d'Egypte, in La Revolution Francaise: Revue d'histoire moderne et contemporaine, t.
On Madame Tallien see Arsene Houssaye, Notre Dame de Thermidor (Paris, 1866); J.
Turquan, Souveraines et grandes Dames: La citoyenne Tallien, temoignages des contemporains et documents inedits (Paris, 1898); and Louis Gastine, La belle Tallien (1909).
Madame Tallien, daughter of Dr Cabarrus, the Lady of Thermidor, married as her second husband the prince de Chimay, and held her little court here down to her death in 1835.