The sand of some of the rivers, as for instance the Maros, Szamos, Koros and Aranyos, is auriferous.
The principal plains are: in the valley of the Szamos near Des and Besztercze (Bistritz); in the middle course of the Maros the beautiful Hatszeg valley; the fertile Cibin valley around Nagy-Szeben; the valley of the Aluta near Csik-Szereda, and the one extending from Reps to the Roteturm pass; and lastly the beautiful and fertile Burzenland in the vicinity of Brasso.
The Szamos, formed by the junction of the Great (Nagy) and Little (Kis) Szamos, whose principal affluent is the Bistritz; the Zsil or.
Long, situated near Szamos-Ujvar, while a great number of small but beautiful mountain lakes are found.
It was subdivided into fifteen countries, and contains the following principal towns: Kolozsvar, Brasso, NagySzeben, Maros-Vasarhely, Besztercze, Fogaras, Torda, Segesvar, Gyula-Fehervar, Des, Szamos-Ujvar.
It is situated in a picturesque valley on the banks of the Little Szamos, and comprises the inner town (formerly surrounded with walls) and five suburbs.
- This numbers about 1,000,000 adherents and has its own organization under the metropolitan of Fogarasch or Alba Julia, with ` three suffragan sees: Lugos, GrossWardein and Szamos-Uvjar.