-) Gneisses, Schists, Marbles, Granites (Swaziland Series).
A broad ring of crystalline rocks (Swaziland schists) encircles the Transvaal except on the south, where the Karroo formation extends over the Vaal River.
Within this nearly complete circle of crystalline rocks several geological formations have been determined, of which the age cannot be more definitely fixed than that they are vastly older than the Karroo formation and newer than the Swaziland schists.
Barberton and Swaziland Crystalline schists, quartzites, conglomSeries.
M., lies between Swaziland and Natal.
A continuation of the Springs-Breyten line eastward through Swaziland to Delagoa Bay will give a second independent railway from that port to the Rand, some 60 m.
Other auriferous reefs are found all along the eastern escarpment of the Drakensberg and are worked in the De Kaap (Barberton) district, on the Swaziland frontier, in the Lydenburg district, in the Murchison Range and in other places in the Zoutpansberg.
The total production (including the Komati and Swaziland fields) to the end of 1908 was 1,097,685 oz.
In the previous month certain native territories between Tongaland and Swaziland had been annexed by Great Britain.
This swept the country up to the Swaziland border.
(1800 to 2000 ft.), which separate the coast plains from the interior, mark the frontier between Swaziland and Zululand.
The Umgavuma which rises in Swaziland and also pierces the Lebombo, joins the Pongola about ten miles above its confluence with the Maputa.
Dingaan passed into Swaziland in advance of his retreating forces, and was there murdered, while Panda was crowned king of Zululand by the Boers.
Territories, Swaziland, Zululand and Tongaland, were also added.
At Vredefort there is a granitic boss, belonging to the Swaziland series, regarded as being an intrusive in the overlying Witwatersrand series by G.
The rapid progress of the Transvaal and Swaziland missions has been almost embarrassing.
The provinces of the Cape of Good Hope, Natal, with Zululand, the Orange Free State and the Transvaal); Basutoland, Bechuanaland, Swaziland and Southern Rhodesia, all British possessions; German South-West Africa, and the southern part of Portuguese East Africa.
The native protectorates, Basutoland, Swaziland and Bechuanaland had been left by the South Africa Act under direct imperial control.
SWAZILAND (native name Pungwane), a country of British South Africa bounded S., W.
Hlatikulu, the chief place in southern Swaziland, is built on a plateau about 3000 ft.
Long, runs through Portuguese territory to the Swaziland border at Umbelozi Poort.
Up to the outbreak of the Anglo-Boer War in 1899 the value of the gold exported from Swaziland was about £350,000.
Administration, &c. - Swaziland forms a crown colony under the government of the High Commissioner for South Africa.
Ama-Swazi tribes are believed to have occupied the country now known as Swaziland from the period of the invasion of South East Africa by the Bantu peoples.
The Boers of the Transvaal were then beginning to occupy the regions adjacent to Swaziland and in 1855 the Swazis in order to get a strip of territory between themselves and the Zulus, whose power they still dreaded, ceded to the Boers the narrow strip of land north of the Pongola river now known as the Piet Retief district.
The Boers now determined to adopt towards Swaziland the policy which had proved so successful in Zululand.
Consequently a joint commission was appointed to visit Swaziland and report on the condition of things there.
In 1893 a further conference on the Swazi question took place between Sir Henry Loch, high commissioner for South Africa, and President Kruger, the result of which was that the administration of Swaziland, with certain reservations as to the rights of the natives, was made over to the South African Republic. In the following year six Swazi envoys visited England for the purpose of asking Queen Victoria to take Swaziland under her protection.
The Boers' object in intriguing to acquire Swaziland was not merely that of obtaining that country.
Swaziland suffered during the struggle between the Transvaal and Great Britain as to its destiny.
On the annexation of the Transvaal in 1901 the queen regent asked that Swaziland might be annexed also.
Lord Milner visited Swaziland in July 1904 and denounced "the abominable network of concessions" in which the country was entangled.
In December 1906 the control of Swaziland was severed from the governorship of the Transvaal and transferred to the High Commissioner for South Africa, and in March 1907 a resident commissioner was appointed.
When the Union of South Africa was established in 1910, Swaziland, with other native territories, remained under direct Imperial control.
Miller, "Swaziland," in Journ.
Jones, "Notes on the Geology of West Swaziland" in Geol.