An insurrection of the Persians against Seleucus (II.) is mentioned in two stratagems of Polyaenus (vii.
Is a collection of examples of military stratagems from Greek and Roman history, for the use of officers; a fourth book, the plan and style of which is different from the rest (more stress is laid on the moral aspects of war, e.g.
When the Parthian War (162-5) broke out, Polyaenus, too old to share in the campaign, dedicated to the emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus a work, still extant, called Strategica or Strategemata, a historical collection of stratagems and maxims of strategy written in Greek and strung together in the form of anecdotes.
1.,ii., iii., stratagems occurring in Greek history; bk.
Iv., stratagems of the Macedonian kings and successors of Alexander the Great; bk.
V., stratagems occurring in the history of Sicily and the Greek islands and colonies; bk.
Vi., stratagems of a whole people (Carthaginians, Lacedaemonians, Argives), together with some individuals (Philopoemen, Pyrrhus, Hannibal); bk.
Vii., stratagems of the barbarians (Medes, Persians, Egyptians, Thracians, Scythians, Celts); bk.
Viii., stratagems of Romans and women.
He confounds Dionysius the elder and Dionysius the younger, Mithradates satrap of Artaxerxes and Mithradates the Great, Scipio the elder and Scipio the younger, Perseus, king of Macedonia and Perseus the companion of Alexander; he mixes up the stratagems of Caesar and Pompey; he brings into immediate connexion events which were totally distinct; he narrates some events twice over, with variations according to the different authors from whom he draws.
The stratagems and disguises by which with the help of a few faithful friends he slew the suitors are described at length in the Odyssey.
16-22 two stratagems are combined.
A writer of the Mahommedan faith says: - "Whenever an invading army has entered their territories, the Assamese have sheltered themselves in strong posts, and have distressed the enemy by stratagems, surprises and alarms, and by cutting off their provisions.