On the western border, where the natives were of less warlike character than those on their southern and northern frontiers, intrigues were already going on with petty tribal chiefs, and the Boers drove out a portion of the Barolongs from their lands, setting up the so-called republics of Stellaland and Goshen.
Notwithstanding the precise fixing of the boundaries of the republic by the London Convention, President Kruger endeavoured to maintain the Boer hold on Goshen and Stellaland, but the British government on Efforts.
In 1882 they set up the republic of Stellaland, with Vryburg as its capital, and forthwith proceeded to set up the republic of Goshen, farther north, in spite of the protests of Montsioa, and established a small town called Rooi Grond as capital.
In spite of the convention the Boers remained in Stellaland and Goshen - which were west of the new Transvaal frontier, and in April 1884 the Rev. John Mackenzie, who had succeeded Livingstone, was sent to the country to arrange matters.
In Goshen the Boers defied his authority, while in Stellaland only a half-hearted acceptance of it was given.
P P He adopted a tone of conciliation, and decided that the Stellaland republic should remain under a sort of British suzerainty.
Warren, however, continued his march, and without firing a shot broke up the republics of Stellaland and Goshen.
An expedition was sent out in October 1884 under Sir Charles Warren; the Boers, who had set up the " republics " of Goshen and Stellaland, were obliged to give way, and the country was annexed (see Bechuanaland).
As a member of the Cape parliament he undertook a mission, before the arrival of Warren, to the Goshen and Stellaland Boers, endeavouring, unsuccessfully, to obtain from them a recognition of British sovereignty.