The relationship of these glycerides to glycerin is shown by the series of bodies formed from glycerin by replacement of hydrogen by "stearyl" (C18H350), the radical of stearic acid (C18H350.
STEARIC ACID, n-Octodecylic acid CH 3 (CH 2) 16 CO 2 H, an organic acid found as its glyceride stearin, mixed with palmitin and olefin, in most tallows (hence its name, from Gr.
The so-called "stearin" of candles is a mixture of stearic and palmitic acids.
These enabled him to elucidate the true nature of soap; he was also able to discover the composition of stearin and olein, and to isolate stearic and oleic acids, the names of which were invented by him.
34-48), of free myristic and stearic acids; the brown colouring matter has not been satisfactorily investigated.
A fat consisting of the glyceride of one fatty acid only, such as stearin or tristearin, C3H5(O C1811350)3, the glycerin ester of stearic acid, C17H35 C02H.
Thus some individual fatty acids, such as stearic acid and arachidic acid (which is characteristic of ground nut oil) can be identified.
It is also obtained when sebacic, stearic and oleic acids are oxidized with nitric acid.