The sprat, pilchard or sardine and shad are species of the same genus.
Laristan is famous for the condiment called mahiabeh (fish-jelly), a compound of pounded small sprat-like fish, salt, mustard, nutmeg, cloves and other spices, used as a relish with nearly all foods.
The sprat cannot be confounded with the herring, as it has no teeth on the vomer and only 47 or 48 scales in the lateral line.
SPRAT, a marine fish (Clupea sprattus), named `` garvie " in Scotland, one of the smallest species of the genus Clupea or herrings, rarely exceeds 5 in.
The sprat spawns in the open sea from February to May and is only occasionally captured in the ripe condition.
The fish resembles a sprat in having a forked tail and a single dorsal fin, but the body is round and slender.
They resemble those of the sprat and pilchard in having a segmented yolk and there is no oil globule.
Dr Thomas Sprat (1635-1713), bishop of Rochester and first historian of the society, says that Bacon of all others " had the true imagination of the whole extent " of the enterprise, and that in his works are to be found the best arguments for the experimental method of natural philosophy (Hist.
The herring, cod, flatfish, mackerel and sprat are taken in the seas, and also great numbers of a small herring called striimnaing.
In times past whitebait were considered to be peculiar to the estuary of the Thames; and, even after the specific identification of Thames whitebait with the young of the herring and sprat, it was still thought that there was a distinctive superiority in its condition and flavour.
Indeed, Thames whitebait which have been compared with that from the mouth of the Exe, the Cornish coast, Menai Strait, and the Firth of Forth seemed to be better fed; but, of course, the specific characteristics of the herring and sprat - into which we need not enter here - were nowise modified.
The sprat is one of the more important foodfishes on account of the immense numbers which are caught when the shoals approach the coasts.