Of the Aryan races the Slavs - Serbs, Bulgarians, Pomaks and Cossacks - and the Greeks predominate, the other representatives being chiefly Albanians and Kurds.
Pop. (1905) about 25,000, consisting of Turks, Slavs and Greeks.
Ethnographically, the Bavarians belong to various ancient tribes; Germanized Slavs in the north-east, Swabians and Franks in the centre, Franks towards the west, and, in the Palatinate, Walloons.
For a century and a half a succession of dukes resisted the inroads of the Slavs on their eastern frontier, and by the time of Duke Theodo I., who died in 717, were completely independent of the feeble Frankish kings.
(See Slavs.) The earliest mention of the Serbs is to be found in Ptolemy (Eip(301) and in Pliny (Sirbi).
- Servian literature begins with the biblical and liturgical books, written in " Old Slavonic," or " Church Slavonic," into which " the Slavonic apostles " Cyril and Methodius (see Slavs) had translated the Bible and other church books about the middle of the 9th century.
The Cyrillic aphabet replaced an older Servian, or probably Old Slavonic, alphabet called " Glagolitic" (see Slavs: Alphabets).