In 1695 he had only advanced to the post of "skipper" in his own navy and of "bombardier" in his own army.
Almost every householder in both islands is the owner, joint owner or skipper of a sailing ship. The southern Sporades are as follows: Ica'ria, Patmos, Leros, Calymnus, Astropalia (Astypalaea or Stampalia), Cos (Stanko), Nisyros, Tilos or Episcopi, Syme, Khalki, Rhodes, Crete and many smaller isles.
At New York, in order to earn a living, he became first a chandler, and afterwards a trading skipper, returning to Italy in 1854 with a small fortune, and purchasing the island of Caprera, on which he built the house thenceforth his home.
In American balladry he was pre-eminent; such pieces as " The Swan Song of Parson Avery," " Marguerite," " Barclay of Ury," " Skipper Ireson's Ride," " In the ` Old South,' " hold their place in literature.
He was a coasting trader and skipper, and had four sons - Elias, Isaak, Arouj and Khizr, all said to have been born after 1482.
Having recovered his freedom by an exchange of prisoners, he worked for several years as a merchant skipper with success.