From the coast of the gulf of Tarentum, between the rivers Aciris (Agri) and Siris (Sinni) about 13 m.
Ionian Greeks fleeing from foreign invasion founded Siris about 650 B.C., and, much later, Elea (540).
After the Achaean cities had combined to destroy the Ionic Siris, and had founded Metapontum as a counterpoise to the Dorian Tarentum, there seems to have been little strife among the Italiotes.
Of these the most important are - the Bradanus (Bradano), the Casuentus (Basiento), the Aciris (Agri), and the Siris (Sinno).
The towns on the east coast were - Metapontum, a few miles south of the Bradanus; Heraclea, at the mouth of the Aciris; and Siris, on the river of the same name.
In 1744 was published the Siris, partly occasioned by the controversy as to the efficacy of tar-water in cases of small-pox, but rising far above the circumstance from which it took its rise, and revealing hidden depths in the Berkeleian metaphysics.
- One of the Siris Bronzes.
The "Siris bronzes," in the same museum, are a most astonishing example of the skill, attained by:.Greek artists in this repousse work (see Bronsted's Bronzes of Siris, 1836).