The place was originally called Corsignano and owes its present name to Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini, Pope Pius II.
The efforts of Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini brought matters into a channel more favourable to the Holy See; and an understanding with Germany was reached.
No apter estimate of his character can be found than the words of Aeneas Silvius himself: " He was a great-hearted man; but his chief error was that he was a stranger to moderation, and regulated his actions, not by his ability, but by his wishes."
IULUS, in Roman legend: (a) the eldest son of Ascanius and grandson of Aeneas, founder of the Julian gens (gens Julia), deprived of his kingdom of Latium by his younger brother Silvius (Dion.
Nicholas himself was a man of vast erudition, and his friend Aeneas Silvius (later Pope Pius II.) said of him that "what he does not know is outside the range of human knowledge."
"It is a second death," wrote Aeneas Silvius, "to Homer and Plato."