The next important mosque is that of Kairawan in Tunisia, which was founded by Sidi Okba in A.D.
Marco Polo mentions such charts; Vasco da Gama (1498) found them in the hands of his Indian pilot, and their nature is fully explained in the Mohit or encyclopaedia of the sea compiled from ancient sources by the Turkish admiral Sidi Ali Ben Hosein in 1554.1 These charts are covered with a close network of lines intersecting each other at right angles.
The centre of the traffic in Morocco was Sidi Hamed ibn Musa, seven days' journey south of Mogador, where a great yearly fair was held.
Of the racecourse with Sidi Gabr, and does not end till the khedivial estates E.
Another literary seaman of this period was Sidi Ali, celebrated under his poetic pseudonym of Katibi (or Katibi Rumi, to distinguish him from the Persian poet of the same name).
Here Mount Sidi Ali bu Musin reaches a height of 5700 ft., the highest point in Tunisia.
There is a torpedo and submarine boat station on the north side of the channel at the entrance to the lake, but the principal naval works are at Sidi Abdallah at the south-west corner of the lake and to m.
Since then the canal has been widened and deepened, and the naval port at Sidi Abdallah created.
The greatest altitudes of the whole of Tunisia are attained on this central table-land, where Mt Sidi Ali bu Musin ascends to about 5700 ft.
The mosque of Sidi Ahmed bel Hassan, usually called Abul Hassan, built A.D.
In the immediate neighbourhood of the modern Tlemcen are numerous remains of the fortifications of Agadir (vide infra), and the minaret of the mosque, a beautiful tower dating Sidi from the 13th century, the lower part of which is built Medin.
More noteworthy, however, are the ruins of Sidi Bu Medin and of Mansura.
Sidi Bu Medin (more properly El Eubbad) is a little over a mile south-east of Tlemcen.
The kubba or tomb of Sidi Bu Medin, near the palace, is held in great veneration by the Arabs.
1126, and died near Tlemcen in his 75th year; his disciple Sidi Abd-es-Selam of Tunis lies near him.
North-west and south-west the city is commanded by hills, on which are forts, that on Sidi bel Hassan to the south dating from the middle ages.
North-east of the Palais de Justice, which like the Sadiki College is built in the Moorish style, rises the great dome, surrounded by smaller cupolas, of the largest mosque in the city, that named after Sidi Mahrez, a renowned saint of the 5th century of the Mahommedan era, whose tomb makes it a sancutary for debtors.
While still a youth he was taken by his father on the pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina and to the tomb of Sidi Abd-el-Kader El Jalili at Bagdad - events which stimulated his natural tendency to religious enthusiasm.
On the 21st of December 1847, the amir gave himself up to General Lamoriciere at Sidi Brahim.
The principal ranges of the Little Atlas - from west to east - are the Tlemcen (5500 ft.); the Warsenis (with Kef Sidi Omar, 650o ft.); the Titeri (4900 ft.); the Jurjura, with the peak of Lalla Kedija (7542 ft.) and Mount Babor (6447 ft.); and the Mejerda (3700 ft.), which extends into Tunisia.
Inland, besides Constantine, are the important towns of Tlemcen (24,060), Sidi bel Abbes (24,494), Mascara (18,989) and Blida (16,866).
It contains the kubba of a celebrated marabout, Sidi Embarek, who lived in the 7th century.
On the 14th of June 1830 the French troops landed at Sidi-Ferruch.
He beat the French at Sidi Brahim, raided the tribes of the Tell Oranais which had abandoned him, penetrated as far as the borders of the Metija, and reached the Jurjura, where he endeavoured to rouse the Kabyles.
On the 23rd of December 1847 Abd-el-Kader surrendered to General Lamoriciere in the plains of Sidi-Brahim.
Compelled to guard themselves on the south against the Walid-sidi-Sheikh,the French realized how much they P. L.
They then accepted the services offered to them by Si-Sliman-benKadour, chief of the younger branch of the Walid-sidi-Sheikh, who maintained tranquillity in the Sud Oranais during the great insurrection of Kabylia in1871.
He had an interview with El Haddad, the sheikh of the Khuans, the religious confraternity of Sidi-Abd-er-Rahman, whose influence was great, and having secured his support in April 1871, Mokrani proclaimed the holy war.
In 1883 Si-Hamza, chief of the elder branch of the Walid-sidi-Sheikh, made his submission, and since then that family has remained devoted to France.
De Gramont, Histoire d'Alger sous la domination turque (1887); Mercier, Histoire de l'Afrique septentrionale (1888-1891); Eugene Plantet, Correspondance des deys d'Alger avec la tour de France (1889-1892); Paul Masson, Histoire des etablissements et du commerce francais dans l'Afrique barbaresque (1903); General Faure-Biguet, Histoire de l'Afrique septentrionale sous la domination musulmane (1905); (b) for the French period: Camille Rousset, La Conquete d'Alger (8th ed., 1899), Les Commencements d'une conquete: l'Algerie de 1830 a 1840, with atlas (1887), and La Conquete de l'Algerie, 184118J7, with atlas (1889); Pelissier, Annales algeriennes (1854); Leon Roches, Trente-deux ans a travers l'Islam (1884-1887); Colonel Trumelet, Histoire de l'insurrection des Ouled-Sidi-Cheik (1887); Rinn, Histoire de l'insurrection de 1871 (1891).
Other mosques of some note are those of Ibn Yusef, El Mansur and El Mo`izz; the chapel of Sidi Bel Abbas, in the extreme north of the city, possesses property of great value, and serves as an almshouse and asylum.
SIDI-BEL-ABBES, chief town of an arrondissement in the department of Oran, Algeria, 48 m.
Sidi-bel-Abbes is also an important agricultural centre, wheat, tobacco and alfa being the chief articles of trade.
The town, founded by the French, derives its name from the kubba (tomb) of a marabout named Sidi-bel-Abbes, near which a redoubt was constructed by General Bedeau in 1843.
But perhaps the most unique sight in Ahmedabad is the two windows in Sidi Said's mosque of filigree marble work.
Musulmane de Sidi Moh.
Tiaret (Berber for "station") was a town of note at the time of the Arab invasion of North Africa in the 7th century and is stated by Ibn Khaldun to have offered a stubborn resistance to Sidi-Okba.
Kairawan is built in an open plain a little west of a stream which flows south to the Sidi-el-Hani lake.
In the northern quarter stands the great mosque founded by Sidi Okba ibn Nafi, and containing his shrine and the tombs of many rulers of Tunisia.
The mosque of Sidi Okba is the prototype of many other notable mosques (see Mosque).
Of greater external beauty than that of Sidi Okba is the mosque of the Three Gates.
One of the finest specimens of Moorish architecture in Kairawan is the zawia of Sidi Abid-el-Ghariani (d.
The 19th-century mosque of Sidi Amar Abada, also outside the wall, is in the form of a cross and is crowned with seven cupolas.
He served as a captain in Algeria under Marshal Bugeaud, who, in recognition of his gallantry in the battles of Sidi Yussuf and Isly, made him his aide-de-camp and entrusted him with important commissions.
The fine mosque of Sidi-el-Kattani (or Salah Bey) dates from the close of the 18th century; that of Suk-er-Rezel, now transformed into a cathedral, and called Notre-Dame des Sept Douleurs, was built about a century earlier.
The mosque Sidi-el-Akhdar has a beautiful minaret nearly 80 ft.
A religious seminary, or medressa, is maintained in connexion with the Sidi-el-Kattani; and the French support a college and various minor educational establishments for both Arabic and European culture.
It contains a fine column commemorative of the battle of Sidi Brahim (1845), between the French and Abd-elKader.
There is also a railway to Sidi-Bel-Abbes and Tlemcen.
According to Tate the Gadaras are now represented by Sidi half-castes - those Makrani " boys " who are so well known in the mercantile marine as stokers and firemen.