They were believed to have crossed the strait into the island about 300 years before the beginning of the Greek settlements, that is to say in the 11th century B.C. They found in the island a people called Sicans (cf.
Sicans also appear with the Ligurians among the early inhabitants of Italy (Virg.
When the Greek settlements began, the Sicans, we are told, had hardly got beyond the life of villages on hill-tops (Dion.
Our earlier notices of Sicily, of Sicels and Sicans, in the Homeric poems and elsewhere, are vague and legendary.
Of the Sicans we hear less; but Hyccara in the north-west was an independent Sican town on bad terms with Segesta.
By this time the other Greek cities were stirred to help, while Sicels and Sicans joined Hannibal.
In the first war with Carthage the Greek cities under Carthaginian dominion or dependence helped him; so did Sicans and Sicels, which last had among them some stirring leaders; Elymian Segesta clave to Carthage.