In these connexions "Shekinah" thus becomes the equivalent of "God" or its synonyms. One or two examples will make the Targum-usage clear.
SHEKINAH, a Hebrew word meaning "that which dwells" or "the dwelling."
In the Targums. - The word "Shekinah" is of constant occurrence in the Targums or Aramaic paraphrases of the Biblical lections that were read in the synagogue-service to the people.
45 ("and I will dwell among the children of Israel and will be their God") is rendered in the Targum (Onkelos): "And I will cause my Shekinah to dwell in the midst of the children of Israel, and I will be their God."
His holy temple") is rendered "Jehovah was pleased to cause His Shekinah to dwell," &c. "To see" God is similarly paraphrased.
17 ("thine eyes shall see the King in His beauty") is rendered (Targum of Jonathan): "Thine eyes shall see the Shekinah of the king of the worlds in His beauty."
So too "hiding the face" when used of God is regularly paraphrased "remove His Shekinah" (Is.
Closely connected with the idea of the Shekinah, but distinct from it, is that of "the glory of the Lord."
"Glory," indeed, in this connexion was conceived of as a property of the Shekinah (as, in fact, it is of God for whom "Shekinah" is the equivalent).
For the divine "glory" as a property of the Shekinah, cf.
5 ("mine eyes have seen the King, the Lord of hosts"), which is rendered in the Targum: "mine eyes have seen the glory of the Shekinah of the King of the worlds the Lord of hosts."
The close association of the divine "glory" with the visible Shekinah has already been referred to.
This Shekinah-glory is several times denoted in the New Testament by & a.
The Shekinah-glory, the visible presence of God among His people), &c. cf.
There is also an obvious allusion to the Shekinah in the description of the theophanic cloud of the transfigurationnarrative (St.
14 there is an allusion to the Word (= memra of the Targums), the Shekinah, and the Shekinah-glory, all of which the writer declares became incarnate in Jesus.
3 (" effulgence of the [Shekinah] glory").
Against this they emphasized the Shekinah-idea.
The Wisdom, the Shekinah or Glory, and the Spirit of God are intermediate beings of this kind, and even the Law came to be regarded as an independent spiritual entity.
In the Holy of Holies was a " cloud of light " (shekinah), symbolical of the presence of Yahweh, and before it stood the candlestick with six branches, on each of which and on the central stern was a lamp eternally burning; while in the forecourt was an altar on which the sacred fire was never allowed to go out.
Higher in rank came various mediating forms, like Wisdom, Memra (the Word) or Shekinah (the Presence), more or less definitely personalized. :Mahommedanism still recognizes innumerable jinn peopling the solitudes of the desert, and over the grave of the deceased saint a little mosque is built, and prayers are offered and miracles performed.
It is safe to say that wherever Shekinah is mentioned in Rabbinic, literature it is God's direct action or activity that is thought of.
See under "Shekinah" in Hastings' Dict.