Shea trees are abundant.
The chief trade is in, and the principal exports are, palm oil and kernels, rubber, cotton, maize, groundnuts (Arachis), shea-butter from the Bassia parkii (Sapotaceae), fibres of the Raphia vinifera, and the Sansevieria guineensis, indigo, and kola nuts, ebony and other valuable wood.
Shea (London, 1832) (Oriental Translation Fund); L'Histoire de la dynastic des Sassanides, by S.
Shea, New York, 1866, 6 vols.) is a famous old work, but now negligible.
Large areas are covered with brushwood, among which are scattered baobab, shea-butter, bread fruit, corkwood and silk-cotton trees.
On the hills the baobab and hyphaene palm are characteristic; on the plateau are stretches of open savanna, and park-like country with clumps of silk cotton and shea-butter trees.
Shea published an edition of Louis Hennepin's Description of Louisiana....
Palm-oil, timber, rubber, yams and shea-butter are the chief articles of trade.
In the northeastern districts the primeval forest gives place to park-like country, consisting of plains covered with high coarse grass, and dotted with occasional baobabs, as well as with wild plum, shea-butter, dwarf date, fan palms, and other small trees.
Other trees, found chiefly on the plateaus, are the baobab, the shea-butter tree, the locust tree, gambier, palms, including the date and dum palm (Hyphaene), the tamarind, and, in the arid regions, the acacia and mimosa.
The shea-butter tree supplies an excellent oil for lamps, and also for cooking, though it is only used by the poorer classes.
The baobab and the karite (shea butter tree) are found only in the Niger districts.
The latter include great quantities of shea as well as palm-oil and rubber.
General History: John Gilmary Shea, Life and Times of Archbishop Carroll (New York, 1888); The Catholic Church in Colonial Days (New York, 1886); The Hierarchy of the Catholic Church in the United States (New York, 1886).