The most important were: (1) the Lateran canons, formed soon after the synod of 1059, by the clergy of the Lateran Basilica; (2) Congregation of St Victor in Paris, c. 1 10o, remarkable for the theological and mystical school of Hugh, Richard and Adam of St Victor; (3) Gilbertines (see Gilbert Of Sempringham, St); (4) Windesheim Congregation, c. 1400, in the Netherlands and over north and central Germany (see Groot, Gerhard), to which belonged Thomas a Kempis;.
From Bourne was the Gilbertine monastery of Sempringham, founded by Sir Gilbert de Sempringham in 1139.
For the Sempringham priory see Dugdale, Monasticon vi.
Gilbert of Sempringham and the Gilbertines (1901).
Alongside of the local federations or congregations of houses of Augustinian canons were formed the Premonstratensian order (I r 20) (q.v.), and the English " double order " of St Gilbert of Sempringham (1148) (q.v.), both orders, in the full sense of the word, composed of Augustinian canons.
Then there were the " double orders " of Sempringham (see ST Gilbert) and Fontevrault, in which the nuns were the predominant, or even the dominant, element.
The chief of these orders are: Augustinian Canons, Augustinian Hermits or Friars, Premonstratensians, Trinitarians, Gilbertines (see Gilbert Of Sempringham, St).