Petra (q.v.) or Sela` was the ancient capital of Edom; the Nabataeans must have occupied the old Edomite country, and succeeded to its commerce, after the Edomites took advantage of the Babylonian captivity to press forward into southern Judaea.'
The sela` in late Hebrew answers to the older shekel, and the mention of it seems to point to Jewish or Christian influence.
This form is called amamah (Arabic), dastar (Persian), shimla or shamla, safa, lungi, sela, rumal, or dopatta.
The names safa, sela, rumal and dopatta are sometimes given to this form of turban.
The sela is gaudier and more ornamental generally; it is worn by the nobles and wealthier classes.
But that Petra itself is mentioned in the Old Testament cannot be affirmed with certainty; for though Petra is usually identified with Sela` 2 which also means " a rock," the reference in Judges i.
7 seems to be more explicit; in the parallel passage, however, Sela` is understood to mean simply " the rock" (2 Chr.
Hence many authorities doubt whether any town named Sela' is mentioned in the Old Testament.'
The Semitic name of the city, if it was not Sela`, must remain unknown.'
And formed the second fief of the barony of Krak with the title Château de la Valee de Moyse or Sela; it remained in the hands of the Franks till 1189; fragments of the Crusaders' citadel are still standing near the High-place on en-Nejr.
Petra is usually identified with the biblical Sela, unless this latter is to be placed at the south end of the Dead Sea (Judg.