Far otherwise was it with the church which was formed originally at Gainsborough (?1602), by " professors " trained under zealous Puritan clergy in the district where Nottinghamshire, Yorkshire and Lincolnshire meet, but which about 1606 reorganized itself for reasons of convenience into two distinct churches, meeting at Gainsborough and in Scrooby Manor House.
Ere long these were forced to seek refuge, in 1607 and 1608 respectively, at Amsterdam, whence the Scrooby ohurch moved to Leiden in 1609 (Bradford's History of Plymouth Plantation, chs.
As for the Scrooby-Leiden church under John Robinson, it was in a sense the direct parent of historical " Congregationalism " alike in England and America (see below, section American).
1616), rector of Babworth, and Brewster, a layman of Scrooby in Nottinghamshire.
They were from the beginning Separatists from the Church of England; they had established Independent (Congregational) churches at Scrooby and Gainsborough early in the 17th century, and some of them had fled to Amsterdam in 1608 to avoid persecution, and had removed to Leiden in the following year.