Systematical, including Grundprobleme der Erkenntnistheorie; Kategorienlehre; Das sittliche Bewusstsein; Die Philosophie des Schonen; Die Religion des Geistes; Die Philosophie des Unbewussten (3 vols., which now include his, originally anonymous, self-criticism, Das Unbewusste vom Standpunkte der Physiologie and Descendenztheorie, and its refutation, Eng.
Scandinavia had early been sought for its copper and iron, its forest products and its valuable fisheries, especially of herring at Schonen, but it was backward in its industrial development and its own commerce had seriously declined in the 14th century.
The fishing centre at Schonen was important as a market, though, like Novgorod, its trade was seasonal, but it did not acquire the position of a regularly organized counter, reserved alone, in the North, for Bergen.
The Berlin publisher Nicolai founded the Bibliothek der schonen Wissenschaften, and afterwards handed it over to C. F.
Works: - Neue Apologie des Socrates, &c. (2 vols., 1772-1778); Allgemeine Theorie des Denkens and Empfindens, &c. (Berlin, 1776), an essay which gained the prize assigned by the Royal Society of Berlin for that year; Von dem Begriff der Philosophie and ihren Theilen (Berlin, 1778) - a short essay, in which he announced the plan of his lectures on being appointed to the professorship at Halle; Lobschrift auf Herrn Johann Thunmann Prof. der Weltweisheit and Beredsamkeit auf der Universitcit zu Halle (Halle, 1779); Amyntor, eine Geschichte in Briefen (Berlin, 1782) - written with the view of counteracting the influence of those sceptical and Epicurean principles in religion and morals then so prevalent in France, and rapidly spreading amongst the higher ranks in Germany; Ober die Zeichen der Aufklarung einer Nation, &c. (Halle, 1783); Theorie der schonen Kiinste and Wissenschaften, &c. (Halle, 1783, 3rd ed.
At this time Lessing began the study of medieval literature to which attention had been drawn by the Swiss critics, Bodmer and Breitinger, and wrote occasional criticisms for Nicolai's Bibliothek der schonen Wissenschaften.
Scholz, Die Publizistik zur Zeit Philipps des Schonen and Bonifaz VIII.