2 The art of the sapper and miner, the use of siege instruments like the mangonel, and the employment of various "fires" as missiles, were all known among the Mahommedans; and in all these respects the Franks learned from their enemies.
Goodman, Gordon, Holmes, Maudslay, Mercer, Putnam, Sapper, Marshall H.
Plates; Berlin, 1890); Carl Sapper, Das niirdliche Mittel-Amerika (Braunschweig, 1897); Caecilie Saler, Auf alten Wegen in Mexico and Guatemala (Berlin, 1900); Eduard K.
The average temperatures for these months at places of different altitudes, as given by Dr Karl Sapper, are shown on the following page.
Mendez, Guia del immigrante en la republica de Guatemala (Guatemala, 1895); Karl Sapper, "Grundziige der physikalischen Geographie von Guatemala," Erganzungshef t No.
The Indian army consists of 138 battalions of infantry, 10 regiments of cavalry, 16 mountain batteries, i garrison artillery company, 32 sapper and miner companies (2 railways companies included).