(I) In the steppe, during the sandstorms which frequently blow from the West Arabian desert the temperature may rise to 122° F.
So when the hot sandstorms blow in the lower steppe the scorching heat is carried right up to the foot of the mountains.
During a large part of the year, and more especially in spring, the atmosphere is heavily charged with sand, and blinding sandstorms (burans) are of frequent occurrence.
Earthquakes are common among the mountains, and the eastern lowlands are exposed to the great winds and sandstorms which sweep down the Alfdld.
Violent sandstorms are frequent from June to August.