MATSUKATA, MARQUIS (1835-), Japanese statesman, was born at Kagoshima in 1835, being a son of a samurai of the Satsuma clan.
The samurai (soldier) learned that his first characteristic must be to suppress all outward displays of emotion.
The Japanese samurai always prided himself on having no second word.
No samurai frequented the former or associated with the latter.
The Sword- sword being regarded as the soul of the samurai, making every one who contributed to its manufacture, Families, whether as forger of the blade or sculptor of the furniture, was held in high repute.
He became thenceforth a warm advocate of constitutional systems, though at the outset he does not seem to have contemplated anything like apopular assembly in the English sense of the term, his ideas being limited to the enfranchisement of the samurai class.
He began life as an ordinary samurai and rose steadily in reputation and rank, being created a count in 1884, a marquess in 1895 (after the war with China) and a prince in 1907 (after the war with Russia).
OKUBO TOSHIMITSU (1830-1878), Japanese statesman, a samurai of Satsuma, was one of the five great nobles who led the revolution in 1868 against the shogunate.