CALBAYOG, a town of the province of Samar, Philippine Islands, on the W.
Between Luzon and Mindanao are Samar (5031 sq.
Each of the larger islands between Luzon and Mindanao, except Samar and Bohol, is traversed longitudinally by a single mountain range with occasional spurs.
In Samar there are irregular masses of hills.
Samar, Panay, Negros, Leyte, Bohol and Cebu are drained by many streams, and a few of those in Samar, Panay and Negros are of considerable size.
Red or brown deer occur in Basilan, Mindanao, Leyte, Samar and the Calamianes Islands.
Squirrels are confined to the eastern chain of islands from Basilan to Samar and to the Palawan-Calamianes group. In the southern islands there is a tiny species, the size of a mouse.
Galeopithecus and Tarsius range from Basilan to Samar; the former occurs also in Bohol.
These genera usually have distinct representative species in Luzon, Samar and Leyte, Mindanao, and in some cases in Basilan also.
The greatest differences occur between Luzon and Samar and Leyte.
The zoological position of Bohol has not been satisfactorily determined, but all existing evidence indicates that it must be grouped with Samar and Leyte.
On the Pacific coast of Luzon, Samar, Leyte and Mindanao the rainy season is from November to May, when the winds blow from the east or the north-east.
Two thousand persons lost their lives in Samar and Leyte during the great storm of 1897.
Most of the hemp (538,200 acres in 1902) is grown in south Luzon and in Samar and Leyte, but smaller crops are produced in Cebu, Mindoro, Marinduque, north Mindanao and south Negros; the crop became of commercial importance about 1855, and in 1907 the yield for export amounted to 112,895 tons.
The Visayans are the principal inhabitants of the islands in the central part of the archipelago (Panay, Cebu, Negros, Leyte, Bohol, Samar, Masbate and Paragua) and on the north and east coasts of Mindanao; they were perhaps the most civilized people in the archipelago when discovered by the Spaniards, by whom they were originally called Pintados because they were in the habit of painting their bodies; but since then their progress has been less rapid than that of the Tagalogs - who constitute the bulk of the population of Manila and central Luzon and the majority of the population of Mindanao - who are now the most cultured of the brown races in the Philippines.
The first island on which he landed was Malhou, between Samar and Dinagat.