These amulets recognized the Messianic claims of Sabbatai Sebi, and a famous rabbinic contemporary of Eybeschiitz, Jacob Emden, boldly accused him of heresy.
Sabbatai Sebi >>
The failure of the hopes entertained of Sabbatai Zebi (q.v.) had plunged the Jewries of the world into despair.
Sabbatai lacked one quality without which enthusiasm is ineffective; he failed to believe in himself.
See also Sabbatai, Sebi.
SABBATAI SEBI (1626-1676), Jewish mystic, whose Messianic claims produced an unparalleled sensation throughout the world, was born in Smyrna.
Dazzled by this confirmation of his nascent confidence, Sabbatai for a time found himself the object of suspicion and even persecution.
It was in 1648 (the year which Kabbalists had calculated as the year of salvation) that Sabbatai proclaimed himself Messiah, and in Constantinople came across an able but somewhat unscrupulous man, who pretended that he had been warned by a prophetic voice that Sabbatai was indeed the long-awaited Redeemer.
An oppressive exaction was imposed by a local pasha, and in order to win the succour of Raphael Halebi, Sabbatai repaired to Cairo, being on his route at Hebron hailed as Messiah.
At Cairo Sabbatai married.
Sabbatai had, at the same time, announced that in a dream a spiritual bride had been promised to him.
The adhesion of Halebi produced many imitators, and with a retinue of believers, a charming wife and considerable funds, Sabbatai returned in triumph to the Holy Land.
Nathan of Gaza assumed the role of Elijah, the Messiah's forerunner, proclaimed the coming restoration of Israel and the salvation of the world through the bloodless victory of Sabbatai "riding on a lion with a seven-headed dragon in his jaws" (Graetz).
Threatened with excommunication by the Rabbis of Jerusalem, Sabbatai returned to Smyrna (autumn of 1665).
Many letters are extant, written home to English and Dutch business-houses, in which the marvels of Sabbatai are reported, sometimes with apparent belief in them.
Sabbatai was no longer able to doubt the reality of his mission.
At theeginning of the fateful year 1666 Sabbatai went (or was sdmmoned) to Constantinople.
In September Sabbatai was brought before the Sultan, and he had not the courage to refuse to accept Islam.
Sabbatai Sebi figures largely in English books of the period.