Saba, 1205, and door with mosaics of S.
The 19th century has brought to the museums of Europe (especially to aondon, Paris, Berlin and Vienna) a number of inscriptions in the languages of Minea and Saba, and a few in those of Hadramut and Katabania (Qattabania).
These are the kingdoms of Ma t in (Minaean), of Saba (Sabaean), of Hadramaut (Hadramut) and of Katabania (Katabanu).
The connexion of Saba with the north, where the Nabataeans had existed from about zoo B.C., was now broken.
Hommel, maintaining that their kingdom existed prior to that of Saba, probably from about 1500 B.C. or earlier until the Sabaeans came from their home in the north and conquered them in the 9th century.
The title taken by the new rulers was " king of Saba and Raidan."
The title assumed by them was " king of Saba, Raidan, Hadramut and Yemen."
The ancient name of the people of Yemen was Saba (Saba' with final hemza); and the oldest notices of them are in the Hebrew Scriptures.
Many of these names are found on the inscriptions or in the Arabic geographers - Sheba (Saba'), Hazarmaveth (Hadramut), Abimael (Abime`athtar), Jobab (Yuhaibib, according to Halevy), Jerah (Warah of the geographers), Joktan (Arab Qahtan; wagata=gahata).
Saba' (Sheba) itself, which was in later times the chief name, has in Gen.
28 a subordinate place; it was perhaps only a collective name for the companies of merchants who conducted the SouthArabian export trade (the root saba in the inscriptions meaning to make a trading journey), and in that case would be of such late origin as to hold one of the last places in a list that has genealogical form.
With the Ethiopians Saba means " men," a clear indication of their Sabaean descent.
These passages attest the wealth and trading importance of Saba from the days of Solomon to those of Cyrus.
(733 B.C.) tells us that Teima, Saba', and IIaipa (= Ephah, Gen.
Similarly Sargon (715 B.C.) in his Annals mentions the tribute of Shamsi, queen of Arabia, and of Itamara of the land of Saba' - gold and fragrant spices, horses and camels.
He knows only the Sabaeans and thinks that Saba is the name of their capital.
But the rulers named can be assigned to three periods, according as they bear the title " mukrab of Saba," " king of Saba," or " king of Saba and Raidan."
Mus., 33) was made by " Ilsharh Yandib and Ya'zil Bayyin, the two kings of Saba and Raidan, sons of Farm Yanhab, king of Saba."
And a population of 4926; together with St Eustatius, Saba and part of St Martin.
457) cites one of them as Clement's, while Antiochus of St Saba (c. A.D.
He is variously styled Byzantinus, Hierosolymitanus (as an inmate of the monastery of St Saba near Jerusalem) and Scholasticus (the first "schoolman," as the introducer of the Aristotelian definitions into theology; according to others, he had been an advocate, a special meaning of the word scholasticus).
Rapson 2 has pointed out that both Kharosthi and Brahmi letters are found upon Persian silver sigloi, which were coined in the Punjab and belong to the period Oldest Saba:An Bra Hmi FfHAROSTHI kTHIOPIC tfignyarinc, ([[Arabic) Table I]].
There are good reasons for thinking that the Christian story did not originate with John of Damascus, and a strong case has been made out by Zotenberg that it reflects the religious struggles and disputes of the early 7th century in Syria, and that the Greek text was edited by a monk of Saint Saba named John, his version being the source of all later texts and translations.