SAARBURG, a town of Germany, in the imperial province of Alsace-Lorraine, on the Saar, 44 m.
Saarburg, which has been identified with the Pons Saravi of the Romans, belonged to France from 1661 to 1871, its earlier owners having been the bishops of Metz and the dukes of Lorraine.
Another Saarburg is a town in Prussia at the confluence of the Saar and the Leuk.
Saarburg dates from the 10th century and received municipal rights in 1291.
See Hewer, Geschichte der Burg and Stadt Saarburg (Trier, 1862).
Thus, the creation of a new series of forts extending from Thionville (Diedenhofen) to Metz and thence south-eastward was coupled with the construction of twelve strategic railway stations between Cologne and the Belgian frontier, and laterthe so-called fundamental plan of operations against France having apparently undergone modification in consequence of changes in the foreign relations of the German governmentan immense strategic railway station was undertaken at Saarburg, on the right rear of Thionville and well away from the French frontier, and many important new works both of fortification and of railway construction were begun in Upper Alsace, between Colmar and Basel.