The war thus begun, and known in Russian history as the The Rus- Thirteen Years' War, far exceeded even the Thirty sians invade Years' War in grossness and brutality.
(Rus.) (Moscow, 1888); L.
Novodvorsky, The Struggle for Livonia, 1570-1582 (Rus.) (St Petersburg, 1904); K.
P. Pogodin, The First Seventeen Years of the Life of Peter the Great (Rus.), (Moscow, 1875); S.
Solovev, History of Russia (Rus.), (vols.
Shchepotev, A.S.Matvyeev as an Educational and Political Reformer (Rus.), (St Petersburg, 1906).
It is certainly derived, through Rossiya, from Slavonic Rus or Ros (Byzantine `Pws or `Pc o-oc), a name first given to the Scandinavians who founded a principality on the Dnieper in the 9th century; and afterwards extended to the collection of Russian states of which this principality formed the nucleus.
The men of Rus, or Variags, as they were sometimes called, were simply the hardy Norsemen or Normans who at that time, in various countries of Europe, appeared first as armed marauders and then lived in the invaded territory as a dominant military caste until they were gradually absorbed by the native population.
Bruckner, Materials for the Biography of Count Panin (Rus.; St Petersburg, 1888).
Lopukhin, Sketch of the Congress of Jassy, 1791 (Rus.; St Petersburg, 1893); The Papers of Prince Potemkin, 1744-1793 (Rus.; St Petersburg, 1893-1895).
See Robert Nisbet Bain, The Daughter of Peter the Great (London, 1899); Sergyei Solovev, History of Russia (Rus.), vols.
See Henryk Lisicki, Le Marquis Wielopolski, sa vie et son temps (Vienna, 1880); Wlodzimieriz Spasowicz, The Life and Policy of the Marquis Wielopolski (Rus.) (St Petersburg, 1882).
Menshikov (Rus.) (St.
Vladimirsky-Budanov, Chrestomathy of the History of Russian Law (Rus.), pt.
Antonovich (Rus.) (St Petersburg, 1866); A.
And his Family (Rus.) (Moscow, 1874); V.
Solovev, History of Russia (Rus.), vols.
(Rus.) (Petersburg, 1895).
See Vasily Ratch, Memorials of Count Arakcheev (Rus.) (St Petersburg, 1864); Mikhail Ivanovich Semevsky, Count Arakcheev and the Military Colonies (Rus.) (St Petersburg, 1871); Theodor Schiemann, Gesch.
Kostomarov, The Rebellion of Stenka Razin (Rus.) (2nd ed., Petersburg, 1859); S.
See Platon Vasilievich Pavlov, On the Historical Significance of the Reign of Boris Godunov (Rus.) (Moscow, 1850); Sergyei Mikhailivich Solovev, History of Russia (Rus.) (2nd ed., vols.
Letters and Papers of Peter the Great (Rus.) (St Petersburg, 1887, &c.); S.
Solovev, History of Russia (Rus.), vols.
Aleksandrenko, Russian Diplomatic Agents in London in the 18th Century (Rus.) (Warsaw, 1897-1898; German ed., Guben, 1898); S.
Chistyakov, History of Peter the Great (Rus.) (St Petersburg, 1903); S.
Solovev, Public Readings on Peter the Great (Rus.) (St Petersburg, 1903); Documents relating to the Great Northern War (Rus.) (St Petersburg, 1892, &c.).
Korsakov, From the Lives of Russian Statesmen of the X VIIIth Century (Rus.) (Kazan, 1891).
CULROSS (locally pronounced Coo-rus), a royal and police burgh, Fifeshire, Scotland, 62 m.
Gold-mining recommenced in 1905 at Urn Rus, a short distance inland from the Red Sea and some 50 m.
At this assembly were Bruce, earl of Annandale; Robert de B rus, earl of Carrick (later king), his son; Comyn, earl of Buchan; John Baliol; and James the Steward of Scotland, of the house of FitzAlan.
Chistovitch, Theofan Prokopovich and his Times (Rus.; Petersburg, 1868); P. Morozov, Theophan Prokopovich as a Writer (Rus.; Petersburg, 1880).
Longinov, True Anecdotes of Prince Repnin (Rus.) (Petersburg, 1865).
Volk-Karachevsky, The Struggle of Poland with the Cossacks (Rus.) (Kiev, 1899); Letters and other Writings of Wladislaus IV.
Korsakov, From the Lives of Russian Statesmen of the X VIIIth Century (Rus.) (Kazan, 1891); A.
Filippov, "Documents relating to the Cabinet Ministers of the Empress Anne" (Rus.) (St Petersburg, 1898) in the collections of the Russ.
Osterman and the proposed Partition of Turkey (Rus.) (Odessa, 1889); Hon.
Bezborodko in Connexion with the Events of His Time (Rus., St Petersburg, 1879-1881).
Kurakin (Rus.) (St Petersburg, 1890); A.
Bruckner, A Russian Tourist in Western Europe in the beginning of the X VIIIth Century (Rus.) (St Petersburg, 1892).
P. Pogodin, The First Seventeen Years of the Life of Peter the Great (Rus.) (Moscow, 1875).
See P. Kulish, On the Defection of Malo-Russia from Poland (Rus.) (Moscow, 1890); S.
P. Barsukov, Narratives from Russian History in the r8th Century (Rus.) (St Petersburg, 1885).
2, in Russkaya Starina (Rus.) (St Petersburg, 1873).
See Teodor Narbutt, History of the Lithuanian nation (Pol.) (Vilna, 1835); Antoni Prochaska, On the Genuineness of the Letters of Gedymin (Pol.) (Cracow, 1895); Vladimir Bonifatovich Antonovich, Monograph concerning the History of Western and Southwestern Russia (Rus.) (Kiev, 1885).
The word Rus, in former times wrongly connected with the tribal name Rhoxolani, is more probably derived from Ruotsi, a Finnish name for the Swedes, which seems to be a corruption of the Swedish rothsmenn, " rowers " or " seafarers."
Panin (Rus.; St Petersburg, 1787); Political correspondence (Rus.
The Rus a had just begun to retreat, in accordance with orders from higher authorities.