Common rubble walls are the worst of all.
These new structures also consist of rubble mounds.
The masonry is described by Mr Schuyler as " a rough uncut granite ashlar, with a hearting of rough rubble all laid in cement mortar and gravel."
Its walls of flint rubble survive in stately fragments, and enclose an area of 200 acres.
Thick, and formed of a core of rough rubble cemented together with mortar (containing much coarse gravel) of extraordinary hardness and tenacity, and a facing for the most part of stone - Kentish rag, freestone or ironstone - but occasionally of flints; about 2 ft.
In the centre, the oblong pyramid of rubble cased with hewn stone and cemented 375 X 300 ft.
The majority of the better-class houses are of rubble, one-storeyed and flat-roofed.
The hearting is of rubble masonry, and the faces are coursed ashlar.
Some of the blocks of rubble masonry carried down the stream weighed several hundred tons.
Upon that was raised a wall of rough rubble rudely faced with stone and flint, evidently a medieval work and about 22 ft.
This steel septum was protected on either side by a thin wall of asphaltic concrete supported by rubble stone embankments, and owing to irregular settling of 'the embankments became greatly distorted, apparently, however, without causing leakage.
High, built of rubble stone and mortar faced with square blocks of stone, the interior of the chambers rising into a sloping roof formed by courses of stonework gradually overlapping in a " false arch."
Elsewhere, a simple concrete or masonry wall or core has been used above as well as below ground, being carried up between embankments either of earth or rubble stone.
They crossed Canyon Creek and the site of an avalanche a few years earlier, now evidenced by the rubble of broken, twisted trees and displaced earth.
Sofi concentrated on stepping through the rubble of what looked like a once-great city.
The simplest form of weir is a solid, watertight dam of firm earthwork or rubble stone, faced with stone pitching, with cribs filled with rubble, with fascine mattresses weighted with stone, or with masonry, and protected from undermining by sheet piling or one or more rows of well foundations.
Is probable, however, that, all things considered, Materials random rubble in which the flattest side of each block of stone is dressed to a fairly uniform surface, so that it may be bedded as it were in a tray of mortar, secures the nearest approach to uniform elasticity.
In the flatter parts of the valley occur large beds of loam and rubble, sometimes in terraces parallel with, but several hundred feet above, the river, proving by their disposition and appearance that the valley has been formed by the action of water.
On descending into the substratum the finer material decreases and more stones are met with; farther down are seen larger fragments of unaltered rock closely packed, and this brash or rubble grades insensibly into the unbroken rock below.
The blocking ships were stripped of all fittings and filled with rubble and concrete.
The anicut or dam at Bezwada, begun in 1852, consists of a mass of rubble, fronted with masonry, 1240 yds.
With rubble stones, flints, brickbats or similar material, thoroughly drained at bottom.
Grey tufa period; ashlar masonry of tufa, coated with fine white stucco; rubble work of lava.
It was formed of a rubble mound quarried by convict labour at the summit of the island, and was lowered by a wire-rope incline to the sea.
The potting must be done very firmly, using turfy loam with which a little mortar rubble has been mixed.
The actual construction of successful masonry dams has varied from the roughest rubble masonry to ashlar work.
'The rubble mound of the breakwater' was very, tostly'to the railway company, as time after time it was swept away by storms. On it is a central wall of some 38 ft.
She trotted through the streets, making her way through rubble and debris to the park in the center of the city.
No traces of this are alluded to by modern travellers, but in all likelihood it was only formed of rubble plastered (as is the case still with such Nirvana figures in Indo-China) and of no durability.
In some cases, as, for example, when a high earthen embankment crosses a gorge, and there is plenty of stone to be had, it is desirable to place the outer bank upon a toe or platform of rubble stonework, as in fig.
In case of adhesive clayey subsoil this can generally be secured by placing over the sloping bottom a good layer of coarse rubbly material, communicating with a drain in front to carry off the water, while earthenware drain tubes may be laid beneath the rubble from 8 to To ft.
Of the best rubble masonry, an ashlar floor of blocks of close-grained trachyte being laid directly under the bridge, where the action was severest.