It was bordered by Limousin, Rouergue, Armagnac, Perigord and Agenais.
He was then taken to Europe and his brother Bertrand gave him the countship of Rouergue; in his tenth year, upon Bertrand's death (1112), he succeeded to the countship of Toulouse and marquisate of Provence, but Toulouse was taken from him by William IX., count of Poitiers, in 1114.
It corresponds nearly to the old district of Rouergue, which gave its name to a countship established early in the 9th century, and united with that of Toulouse towards the end of the 11th century.
The more important towns are Rodez, Millau, St Affrique, Villefranche-de-Rouergue and Decazeville.
GUILLAUME THOMAS FRAN COIS RAYNAL (1713-1796), French writer, was born at Saint-Geniez in Rouergue on the 12th of April 1713.